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Competitividad y medio ambiente: la construcción de patrones exportadores sustentables en América Latina

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  • David Romo Murillo

    () (DS Consultores)

Abstract

In this study we discuss the need to develop sustainable export patterns in Latin America that fulfill two criteria: reduce the importance of activities that impose the greatest environmental impacts and increase the relevance of activities and products with a higher technological content, since these are the most dynamic in international markets, tend to be cleaner, and present positive spillovers to the rest of the economy. We propose a conceptual framework and analyze the export profiles of Argentina, Brazil, Chile and Mexico, where the heterogeneity among Latin American countries is evident. We conclude that the development of sustainable export patterns will require decisive actions in the environmental and technological domains.

Suggested Citation

  • David Romo Murillo, 2007. "Competitividad y medio ambiente: la construcción de patrones exportadores sustentables en América Latina," Revista de Economía y Estadística, Universidad Nacional de Córdoba, Facultad de Ciencias Económicas, Instituto de Economía y Finanzas, vol. 0(1), pages 109-147, January.
  • Handle: RePEc:ief:reveye:v:45:y:2007:i:1:p:109-147
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    File URL: http://ief.eco.unc.edu.ar/files/publicaciones/economiayestadistica/2007_45_n1/4.Murillo_CompetitividadyMedioAmbiente.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Jean-Marie Grether & Jaime de Melo, 2003. "Globalization and Dirty Industries: Do Pollution Havens Matter?," NBER Working Papers 9776, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    2. List, John A. & Co, Catherine Y., 2000. "The Effects of Environmental Regulations on Foreign Direct Investment," Journal of Environmental Economics and Management, Elsevier, vol. 40(1), pages 1-20, July.
    3. Dasgupta, Susmita & Laplante, Benoit & Mamingi, Nlandu, 2001. "Pollution and Capital Markets in Developing Countries," Journal of Environmental Economics and Management, Elsevier, vol. 42(3), pages 310-335, November.
    4. Alcorta, Ludovico & Peres, Wilson, 1998. "Innovation systems and technological specialization in Latin America and the Caribbean," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 26(7-8), pages 857-881, April.
    5. Brian R. Copeland & M. Scott Taylor, 1995. "Trade and the Environment: A Partial Synthesis," American Journal of Agricultural Economics, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association, vol. 77(3), pages 765-771.
    6. Mortimore, Michael, 2000. "Corporate Strategies for FDI in the Context of Latin America's New Economic Model," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 28(9), pages 1611-1626, September.
    7. Cole, Matthew A. & Elliott, Robert J.R. & Shimamoto, Kenichi, 2005. "Why the grass is not always greener: the competing effects of environmental regulations and factor intensities on US specialization," Ecological Economics, Elsevier, vol. 54(1), pages 95-109, July.
    8. Matthew A. Cole & Robert J. R. Elliott, 2005. "FDI and the Capital Intensity of "Dirty" Sectors: A Missing Piece of the Pollution Haven Puzzle," Review of Development Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 9(4), pages 530-548, November.
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    trade; environment; technological development; Latin America;

    JEL classification:

    • F18 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Trade and Environment
    • O33 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Innovation; Research and Development; Technological Change; Intellectual Property Rights - - - Technological Change: Choices and Consequences; Diffusion Processes
    • Q56 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics - - - Environment and Development; Environment and Trade; Sustainability; Environmental Accounts and Accounting; Environmental Equity; Population Growth

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