IDEAS home Printed from
MyIDEAS: Log in (now much improved!) to save this article

Trade Liberalization and Its Impact in Albania's Sustainable Growth

Listed author(s):
  • Holta KORA (BAKO)


    (European University of Tirana, Faculty of Economy, Finance Department)

Registered author(s):

    Albania is currently very focused on growth and promotion of trade liberalization in the context of the ultimate goal which is the full integration into the European family, and within this framework our country has implemented and continues to implement economic policies that promote economic growth in the long term. However, several internal and external factors such as the high level of corruption, low technology, the global financial crisis, the lack of political stability has contributed to the efficiency and success this policy. This study aims to develop an econometric model for Albania to study the impact of trade openness on the trade balance and on macroeconomic aggregates (country's economic growth), called endogenous gravity theory (EGT) to develop a simple and flexible simultaneous equation model of openness in Albania with its largest trade partners as Italy. The study reveals efficient and reliable empirical findings on the link cause-consequence of the elements trade- growth, including the impact of shocks (external crises) and trade policy reform between Albania and its trade partner Italy. The empirical findings suggest that openness between Albania and neighboring partner Italy is positive and statistically significant for economic growth in Albania. The variable 'services liberalization' is small and negative and statistically significant to growth indicators. Moreover, the global financial crisis had a major negative and significant impact on Albania's growth. On the other hand, FDI, financial system reforms and liberalization of capital flows were positive and important for growth and development. More specifically, the most important recommendation suggests that trade policymakers in Albania should implement the policy of openness, in accordance with regional agreements and bilateral and multilateral free trade agreements (FTA) to achieve long-term sustainable growth.

    If you experience problems downloading a file, check if you have the proper application to view it first. In case of further problems read the IDEAS help page. Note that these files are not on the IDEAS site. Please be patient as the files may be large.

    File URL:
    Download Restriction: no

    Article provided by Spiru Haret University in its journal Published in Procedia of Economics and Business Administration.

    Volume (Year): 2 (2015)
    Issue (Month): 1 (December)
    Pages: 188-195

    in new window

    Handle: RePEc:icb:wpaper:v:2:y:2015:i:1:188-195
    Contact details of provider: Web page:

    References listed on IDEAS
    Please report citation or reference errors to , or , if you are the registered author of the cited work, log in to your RePEc Author Service profile, click on "citations" and make appropriate adjustments.:

    in new window

    1. Will Martin & Kym Anderson, 2006. "Agricultural Trade Reform and the Doha Development Agenda," World Bank Publications, The World Bank, number 6889.
    2. Jeffrey D. Sachs & Andrew M. Warner, 1995. "Economic Convergence and Economic Policies," NBER Working Papers 5039, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    3. Tran Van Hoa, 2004. "Economic and Financial Crisis Management in Asia: A Critical Analysis," Economics Working Papers wp04-13, School of Economics, University of Wollongong, NSW, Australia.
    4. Francisco Rodriguez & Dani Rodrik, 1999. "Trade Policy and Economic Growth: A Skeptic's Guide to Cross-National Evidence," NBER Working Papers 7081, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    5. repec:umd:umdeco:rodriguez9901 is not listed on IDEAS
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    This item is not listed on Wikipedia, on a reading list or among the top items on IDEAS.

    When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:icb:wpaper:v:2:y:2015:i:1:188-195. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Rocsana Bucea-Manea-Tonis)

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    If references are entirely missing, you can add them using this form.

    If the full references list an item that is present in RePEc, but the system did not link to it, you can help with this form.

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    This information is provided to you by IDEAS at the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis using RePEc data.