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Eco-Efficiency Trends and Decoupling Analysis of Environmental Pressures in Tianjin, China

Listed author(s):
  • Zhe Wang

    ()

    (School of Environmental Science and Engineering, Tianjin University, Tianjin 300072, China
    Department of Environmental Science and Engineering, Binhai College, Nankai University, Tianjin 300270, China)

  • Lin Zhao

    ()

    (School of Environmental Science and Engineering, Tianjin University, Tianjin 300072, China)

  • Guozhu Mao

    ()

    (School of Environmental Science and Engineering, Tianjin University, Tianjin 300072, China)

  • Ben Wu

    ()

    (Tianjin Academy of Environmental Sciences, Tianjin 300191, China)

Registered author(s):

    This study analyzes Tianjin’s eco-efficiency trends during the period 2001–2013 and reasons for their changes, with the aim of contributing to efforts to ensure the city’s sustainable development. While eco-efficiency of all of the indicators that we analyzed showed improvements during the study period, a gap remained in comparison to the more advanced eco-efficiency observed both domestically and internationally. We subsequently introduced decoupling indices to examine the decoupling relationship between environmental pressure and economic growth. This analysis demonstrated that some progress occurred during the study period resulting from the implementation of existing policies and measures entailing resource conservation and reduction in the emission of pollutants. The latter applied, especially, to sulfur dioxide (SO 2 ) and chemical oxygen demand (COD), which both retained strong decoupling states from 2006 to 2013. Other indicators showed an apparent tendency toward decoupling, but most displayed weak decoupling. These findings indicate that further efforts are urgently required to promote strong decoupling. At the end of the twelfth Five-Year Plan period, Tianjin should consider formulating policies from the perspectives of resource consumption and pollutant emissions reduction to promote further sustainable development.

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    Article provided by MDPI, Open Access Journal in its journal Sustainability.

    Volume (Year): 7 (2015)
    Issue (Month): 11 (November)
    Pages: 1-16

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    Handle: RePEc:gam:jsusta:v:7:y:2015:i:11:p:15407-15422:d:59126
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    1. Pedro Coelho & André Mascarenhas & Paula Vaz & Anabela Dores & Tomás B. Ramos, 2010. "A framework for regional sustainability assessment: developing indicators for a Portuguese region," Sustainable Development, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 18(4), pages 211-219.
    2. Lu, I.J. & Lin, Sue J. & Lewis, Charles, 2007. "Decomposition and decoupling effects of carbon dioxide emission from highway transportation in Taiwan, Germany, Japan and South Korea," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 35(6), pages 3226-3235, June.
    3. de Freitas, Luciano Charlita & Kaneko, Shinji, 2011. "Decomposing the decoupling of CO2 emissions and economic growth in Brazil," Ecological Economics, Elsevier, vol. 70(8), pages 1459-1469, June.
    4. Mariam Camarero & Juana Castillo & Andrés Picazo-Tadeo & Cecilio Tamarit, 2013. "Eco-Efficiency and Convergence in OECD Countries," Environmental & Resource Economics, Springer;European Association of Environmental and Resource Economists, vol. 55(1), pages 87-106, May.
    5. Kallis, Giorgos, 2011. "In defence of degrowth," Ecological Economics, Elsevier, vol. 70(5), pages 873-880, March.
    6. Elisabeth Conrad & Louis F. Cassar, 2014. "Decoupling Economic Growth and Environmental Degradation: Reviewing Progress to Date in the Small Island State of Malta," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 6(10), pages 1-22, September.
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