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Benefits and Costs of Biologically Contained Genetically Modified Tomatoes and Eggplants in Italy and Spain

  • Rolf A. Groeneveld


    (Wageningen University, Environmental Economics and Natural Resources Group, Hollandseweg 1, Wageningen 6706 KN, The Netherlands)

  • Erik Ansink


    (VU University Amsterdam, Institute for Environmental Studies, De Boelelaan 1087, Amsterdam 1081 HV, The Netherlands)

  • Clemens C.M. Van de Wiel


    (WUR Plant Breeding, Droevendaalsesteeg 1, Wageningen 6708 PB, The Netherlands)

  • Justus Wesseler


    (Chair Group Agricultural and Food Economics, Center of Life and Food Sciences Weihenstephan, Technische Universität München, Weihenstephaner Steig 22, Freising 85354, Germany)

In this paper we assess the benefits and costs of introducing biologically contained genetically modified (GM) crops, with an application to the potential introduction of GM tomatoes and eggplants in Italy and Spain. Such crops possess both the standard beneficial GM traits, and they prevent introgression of transgenes from GM crops to their conventional or wild relatives, thereby adding to the safety of their cultivation. As a result, coexistence regulations for these crops are less stringent than for crops without biological containment. The potential adoption of biologically contained GM tomatoes and eggplants is assessed in a cost-benefit framework for Italy and Spain. We conclude that biological containment has considerable potential benefits if policy makers are willing to loosen the restrictions on the introduction of these varieties.

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Article provided by MDPI, Open Access Journal in its journal Sustainability.

Volume (Year): 3 (2011)
Issue (Month): 8 (August)
Pages: 1265-1281

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Handle: RePEc:gam:jsusta:v:3:y:2011:i:8:p:1265-1281:d:13651
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  1. Beckmann, Volker & Wesseler, Justus, 2005. "Spatial Dimension Of Externalities And The Coase Theorem: Implications For Co-Existence Of Transgenic Crops," 2005 Annual meeting, July 24-27, Providence, RI 19534, American Agricultural Economics Association (New Name 2008: Agricultural and Applied Economics Association).
  2. Desquilbet, Marion & Bullock, David S., 2010. "On the proportionality of EU spatial ex ante coexistence regulations: A comment," Food Policy, Elsevier, vol. 35(1), pages 87-90, February.
  3. Demont, Matty & Dillen, Koen & Daems, Wim & Sausse, Christophe & Tollens, Eric & Mathijs, Erik, 2009. "On the proportionality of EU spatial ex ante coexistence regulations," Food Policy, Elsevier, vol. 34(6), pages 508-518, December.
  4. Vijesh V. Krishna & Matin Qaim, 2008. "Potential impacts of Bt eggplant on economic surplus and farmers' health in India," Agricultural Economics, International Association of Agricultural Economists, vol. 38(2), pages 167-180, 03.
  5. Beckmann, Volker & Soregaroli, Claudio & Wesseler, Justus, 2009. "Ex-ante regulation and ex-post liability under uncertainty and irreversibility: governing the coexistence of GM crops," Economics Discussion Papers 2009-53, Kiel Institute for the World Economy.
  6. Hayenga, Marvin L. & Thompson, Leland C. & Chase, Craig A. & Kaaria, Susan, 1992. "Economic and Environmental Implications of Herbicide-Tolerant Corn and Processing Tomatoes," Staff General Research Papers 11314, Iowa State University, Department of Economics.
  7. Moschini, GianCarlo, 2008. "Biotechnology and the Development of Food Markets: Retrospect and Prospects," Staff General Research Papers 12982, Iowa State University, Department of Economics.
  8. Soregaroli, Claudio & Wesseler, Justus, 2005. "Minimum Distance Requirements and Liability: Implications for Co-Existence," MPRA Paper 33230, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  9. Volker Beckmann & Claudio Soregaroli & Justus Wesseler, 2006. "Coexistence Rules and Regulations in the European Union," American Journal of Agricultural Economics, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association, vol. 88(5), pages 1193-1199.
  10. Demont, Matty & Daems, Wim & Dillen, Koen & Mathijs, Erik & Sausse, Christophe & Tollens, Eric, 2008. "Regulating coexistence in Europe: Beware of the domino-effect!," Ecological Economics, Elsevier, vol. 64(4), pages 683-689, February.
  11. Munro, Alistair, 2008. "The spatial impact of genetically modified crops," Ecological Economics, Elsevier, vol. 67(4), pages 658-666, November.
  12. Skevas, Theodoros & Fevereiro, Pedro & Wesseler, Justus, 2010. "Coexistence regulations and agriculture production: A case study of five Bt maize producers in Portugal," Ecological Economics, Elsevier, vol. 69(12), pages 2402-2408, October.
  13. Skevas, Theodoros & Wesseler, Justus & Fevereiro, Pedro, 2009. "Coping with ex-ante regulations for planting Bt maize: the Portuguese experience," MPRA Paper 25609, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  14. Esengun, Kemal & Erdal, Gülistan & Gündüz, Orhan & Erdal, Hilmi, 2007. "An economic analysis and energy use in stake-tomato production in Tokat province of Turkey," Renewable Energy, Elsevier, vol. 32(11), pages 1873-1881.
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