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Benefits and Costs of Biologically Contained Genetically Modified Tomatoes and Eggplants in Italy and Spain

Author

Listed:
  • Rolf A. Groeneveld

    () (Wageningen University, Environmental Economics and Natural Resources Group, Hollandseweg 1, Wageningen 6706 KN, The Netherlands)

  • Erik Ansink

    () (VU University Amsterdam, Institute for Environmental Studies, De Boelelaan 1087, Amsterdam 1081 HV, The Netherlands)

  • Clemens C.M. Van de Wiel

    () (WUR Plant Breeding, Droevendaalsesteeg 1, Wageningen 6708 PB, The Netherlands)

  • Justus Wesseler

    () (Chair Group Agricultural and Food Economics, Center of Life and Food Sciences Weihenstephan, Technische Universität München, Weihenstephaner Steig 22, Freising 85354, Germany)

Abstract

In this paper we assess the benefits and costs of introducing biologically contained genetically modified (GM) crops, with an application to the potential introduction of GM tomatoes and eggplants in Italy and Spain. Such crops possess both the standard beneficial GM traits, and they prevent introgression of transgenes from GM crops to their conventional or wild relatives, thereby adding to the safety of their cultivation. As a result, coexistence regulations for these crops are less stringent than for crops without biological containment. The potential adoption of biologically contained GM tomatoes and eggplants is assessed in a cost-benefit framework for Italy and Spain. We conclude that biological containment has considerable potential benefits if policy makers are willing to loosen the restrictions on the introduction of these varieties.

Suggested Citation

  • Rolf A. Groeneveld & Erik Ansink & Clemens C.M. Van de Wiel & Justus Wesseler, 2011. "Benefits and Costs of Biologically Contained Genetically Modified Tomatoes and Eggplants in Italy and Spain," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 3(8), pages 1-17, August.
  • Handle: RePEc:gam:jsusta:v:3:y:2011:i:8:p:1265-1281:d:13651
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
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    Cited by:

    1. Wesseler, Justus, 2014. "Biotechnologies and agrifood strategies: opportunities, threats and economic implications," Bio-based and Applied Economics Journal, Italian Association of Agricultural and Applied Economics (AIEAA), vol. 0(Issue 3), pages 1-18, December.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    tomato; eggplant; genetic modification; coexistence; biological containment; economics;

    JEL classification:

    • Q - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics
    • Q0 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - General
    • Q2 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Renewable Resources and Conservation
    • Q3 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Nonrenewable Resources and Conservation
    • Q5 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics
    • Q56 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics - - - Environment and Development; Environment and Trade; Sustainability; Environmental Accounts and Accounting; Environmental Equity; Population Growth
    • O13 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Agriculture; Natural Resources; Environment; Other Primary Products

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