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Regional Innovation Systems as Complex Adaptive Systems: The Case of Lagging European Regions

Author

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  • Cristina Ponsiglione

    () (Department of Industrial Engineering, University of Naples Federico II, Piazzale Tecchio 80, 80125 Naples, Italy)

  • Ivana Quinto

    () (Department of Engineering, University of Naples Parthenope, Centro Direzionale Is. C4, 80143 Naples, Italy)

  • Giuseppe Zollo

    () (Department of Industrial Engineering University of Naples Federico II, University of Naples Federico II, Piazzale Tecchio 80, 80125 Naples, Italy)

Abstract

This article proposes an agent-based model to support the development of self-sustaining regional innovation systems (RIS). The model is the base of a computational laboratory, CARIS (Complex Adaptive Regional Innovation System), which aims at evaluating the self-sustainability of RIS and at investigating what are the resources, competencies and mechanisms able to trigger powerful innovation and economic growth processes. Such a topic is particularly interesting for the so-called lagging regions , which, notwithstanding noticeable policy interventions, have been unable to significantly improve their innovation performances. Results of this study show that the exploration capacity, the propensity to cooperation, and the endowed competencies of actors belonging to a region could be considered as key aspects in affecting the regional innovation performance. This means that policy-makers should (i) incentivize investments in research and development activities both at the public and private levels; (ii) support public-private partnerships; (iii) enhance national and regional university systems; and (iv) increase the number of researchers employed both in the public and private sectors. In the next future, the CARIS laboratory could be adopted as policy support instrument to evaluate how much effective are current innovation policies and what are the most effective ones to reassess the current patterns.

Suggested Citation

  • Cristina Ponsiglione & Ivana Quinto & Giuseppe Zollo, 2018. "Regional Innovation Systems as Complex Adaptive Systems: The Case of Lagging European Regions," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 10(8), pages 1-19, August.
  • Handle: RePEc:gam:jsusta:v:10:y:2018:i:8:p:2862-:d:163352
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Kangmin Wu & Yang Wang & Yuyao Ye & Hongou Zhang & Guangqing Huang, 2019. "Relationship Between the Built Environment and the Location Choice of High-Tech Firms: Evidence from the Pearl River Delta," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 11(13), pages 1-21, July.
    2. Houxing Tang & Zhenzhong Ma & Jiuling Xiao & Lei Xiao, 2020. "Toward a more Efficient Knowledge Network in Innovation Ecosystems: A Simulated Study on Knowledge Management," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 12(16), pages 1-18, August.
    3. Diana-Manuela LINA, 2019. "The Role Of Universities In Regional Innovation Systems. One-Step Further In Assuming The Third Mission?," EURINT, Centre for European Studies, Alexandru Ioan Cuza University, vol. 6, pages 288-310.
    4. Andreas Pyka & Matthias Mueller & Muhamed Kudic, 2018. "Regional Innovation Systems in Policy Laboratories," Journal of Open Innovation: Technology, Market, and Complexity, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 4(4), pages 1-18, September.
    5. Henry Junior Anderson & Jan Stejskal, 2019. "Diffusion Efficiency of Innovation among EU Member States: A Data Envelopment Analysis," Economies, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 7(2), pages 1-19, April.
    6. Cristina Caterina Amitrano & Marco Tregua & Tiziana Russo Spena & Francesco Bifulco, 2018. "On Technology in Innovation Systems and Innovation-Ecosystem Perspectives: A Cross-Linking Analysis," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 10(10), pages 1-15, October.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    agent-based modelling; self-sustainability; complex adaptive systems; regional innovation systems; Europe;

    JEL classification:

    • Q - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics
    • Q0 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - General
    • Q2 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Renewable Resources and Conservation
    • Q3 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Nonrenewable Resources and Conservation
    • Q5 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics
    • Q56 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics - - - Environment and Development; Environment and Trade; Sustainability; Environmental Accounts and Accounting; Environmental Equity; Population Growth
    • O13 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Agriculture; Natural Resources; Environment; Other Primary Products

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