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Consumer Travel Behaviors and Transport Carbon Emissions: A Comparative Study of Commercial Centers in Shenyang, China


  • Jing Li

    () (Northeast Institute of Geography and Agroecology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Changchun 130102, Jilin, China)

  • Kevin Lo

    () (Department of Geography, Hong Kong Baptist University, Kowloon Tong, Hong Kong, China)

  • Pingyu Zhang

    () (Northeast Institute of Geography and Agroecology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Changchun 130102, Jilin, China)

  • Meng Guo

    () (School of Geographical Sciences, Northeast Normal University, Changchun 130024, Jilin, China)


Current literature highlights the role of commercial centers in cities in generating shopping trips and transport carbon emissions. However, the influence of the characteristics of commercial centers on consumer travel behavior and transport carbon emissions is not well understood. This study addresses this knowledge gap by examining shopping trips to eight commercial centers in Shenyang, China, and the CO 2 emissions of these trips. We found that the locations and types of commercial centers strongly influence CO 2 emissions. CO 2 emissions per trip to commercial centers in the suburbs of Shenyang were on average 6.94% and 26.92% higher than those to commercial centers in the urban core and the inner city, respectively. CO 2 emissions induced by wholesale centers were nearly three times higher than the lowest CO 2 emissions of commercial centers in the inner city. These empirical results enhance our understanding of shopping-related transport carbon emissions and highlight the importance of optimizing urban space structure, in particular, the layout of commercial centers.

Suggested Citation

  • Jing Li & Kevin Lo & Pingyu Zhang & Meng Guo, 2016. "Consumer Travel Behaviors and Transport Carbon Emissions: A Comparative Study of Commercial Centers in Shenyang, China," Energies, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 9(10), pages 1-13, September.
  • Handle: RePEc:gam:jeners:v:9:y:2016:i:10:p:765-:d:78666

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