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Seasonal Thermal-Energy Storage: A Critical Review on BTES Systems, Modeling, and System Design for Higher System Efficiency

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  • Michael Lanahan

    (Department of Mechanical Engineering, Colorado School of Mines, Golden, CO 80401, USA)

  • Paulo Cesar Tabares-Velasco

    (Department of Mechanical Engineering, Colorado School of Mines, Golden, CO 80401, USA)

Abstract

Buildings consume approximately ¾ of the total electricity generated in the United States, contributing significantly to fossil fuel emissions. Sustainable and renewable energy production can reduce fossil fuel use, but necessitates storage for energy reliability in order to compensate for the intermittency of renewable energy generation. Energy storage is critical for success in developing a sustainable energy grid because it facilitates higher renewable energy penetration by mitigating the gap between energy generation and demand. This review analyzes recent case studies—numerical and field experiments—seen by borehole thermal energy storage (BTES) in space heating and domestic hot water capacities, coupled with solar thermal energy. System design, model development, and working principle(s) are the primary focus of this analysis. A synopsis of the current efforts to effectively model BTES is presented as well. The literature review reveals that: (1) energy storage is most effective when diurnal and seasonal storage are used in conjunction; (2) no established link exists between BTES computational fluid dynamics (CFD) models integrated with whole building energy analysis tools, rather than parameter-fit component models; (3) BTES has less geographical limitations than Aquifer Thermal Energy Storage (ATES) and lower installation cost scale than hot water tanks and (4) BTES is more often used for heating than for cooling applications.

Suggested Citation

  • Michael Lanahan & Paulo Cesar Tabares-Velasco, 2017. "Seasonal Thermal-Energy Storage: A Critical Review on BTES Systems, Modeling, and System Design for Higher System Efficiency," Energies, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 10(6), pages 1-24, May.
  • Handle: RePEc:gam:jeners:v:10:y:2017:i:6:p:743-:d:99641
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    3. Braungardt, Sibylle & Bürger, Veit & Zieger, Jana & Bosselaar, Lex, 2019. "How to include cooling in the EU Renewable Energy Directive? Strategies and policy implications," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 129(C), pages 260-267.
    4. Seyed Ali Ghoreishi-Madiseh & Ali Fahrettin Kuyuk & Marco Antonio Rodrigues de Brito & Durjoy Baidya & Zahra Torabigoodarzi & Amir Safari, 2019. "Application of Borehole Thermal Energy Storage in Waste Heat Recovery from Diesel Generators in Remote Cold Climate Locations," Energies, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 12(4), pages 1-14, February.
    5. Julian Formhals & Hoofar Hemmatabady & Bastian Welsch & Daniel Otto Schulte & Ingo Sass, 2020. "A Modelica Toolbox for the Simulation of Borehole Thermal Energy Storage Systems," Energies, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 13(9), pages 1-23, May.
    6. Rotta Loria, Alessandro F., 2021. "The thermal energy storage potential of underground tunnels used as heat exchangers," Renewable Energy, Elsevier, vol. 176(C), pages 214-227.
    7. Nordbeck, Johannes & Bauer, Sebastian & Dahmke, Andreas & Delfs, Jens-Olaf & Gomes, Hugo & Hailemariam, Henok & Kinias, Constantin & Meier zu Beerentrup, Kerstin & Nagel, Thomas & Smirr, Christian & V, 2020. "A modular cement-based subsurface heat storage: Performance test, model development and thermal impacts," Applied Energy, Elsevier, vol. 279(C).
    8. Bott, Christoph & Dressel, Ingo & Bayer, Peter, 2019. "State-of-technology review of water-based closed seasonal thermal energy storage systems," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 113(C), pages 1-1.
    9. Dahash, Abdulrahman & Ochs, Fabian & Janetti, Michele Bianchi & Streicher, Wolfgang, 2019. "Advances in seasonal thermal energy storage for solar district heating applications: A critical review on large-scale hot-water tank and pit thermal energy storage systems," Applied Energy, Elsevier, vol. 239(C), pages 296-315.
    10. Guo, Fang & Zhu, Xiaoyue & Zhang, Junyue & Yang, Xudong, 2020. "Large-scale living laboratory of seasonal borehole thermal energy storage system for urban district heating," Applied Energy, Elsevier, vol. 264(C).
    11. M. Mofijur & Teuku Meurah Indra Mahlia & Arridina Susan Silitonga & Hwai Chyuan Ong & Mahyar Silakhori & Muhammad Heikal Hasan & Nandy Putra & S.M. Ashrafur Rahman, 2019. "Phase Change Materials (PCM) for Solar Energy Usages and Storage: An Overview," Energies, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 12(16), pages 1-20, August.
    12. Anders E. Carlsson, 2020. "Coarse-Grained Model of Underground Thermal Energy Storage Applied to Efficiency Optimization," Energies, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 13(8), pages 1-20, April.

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