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Optimization and spatial pattern of large-scale aquifer thermal energy storage

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  • Sommer, Wijbrand
  • Valstar, Johan
  • Leusbrock, Ingo
  • Grotenhuis, Tim
  • Rijnaarts, Huub

Abstract

Aquifer thermal energy storage (ATES) is a cost-effective technology that enables the reduction of energy use and CO2 emissions associated with the heating and cooling of buildings by storage and recovery of large quantities of thermal energy in the subsurface. Reducing the distance between wells in large-scale application of ATES increases the total amount of energy that can be provided by ATES in a given area. However, due to thermal interference the performance of individual systems can decrease. In this study a novel method is presented that can be used to (a) determine the impact of thermal interference on the economic and environmental performance of ATES and (b) optimize well distances in large-scale applications. The method is demonstrated using the hydrogeological conditions of Amsterdam, Netherlands. Results for this case study show that it is cost-effective to allow a limited amount of thermal interference, such that 30–40% more energy can be provided in a given area compared to the case in which all negative thermal interference is avoided. Sensitivity analysis indicates that optimal well distance is moderately insensitive to changes in hydrogeological and economic conditions. Maximum economic benefit compared to conventional heating and cooling systems on the other hand is sensitive, especially to changes in the gas price and storage temperatures.

Suggested Citation

  • Sommer, Wijbrand & Valstar, Johan & Leusbrock, Ingo & Grotenhuis, Tim & Rijnaarts, Huub, 2015. "Optimization and spatial pattern of large-scale aquifer thermal energy storage," Applied Energy, Elsevier, vol. 137(C), pages 322-337.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:appene:v:137:y:2015:i:c:p:322-337
    DOI: 10.1016/j.apenergy.2014.10.019
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    4. Manon Bulté & Thierry Duren & Olivier Bouhon & Estelle Petitclerc & Mathieu Agniel & Alain Dassargues, 2021. "Numerical Modeling of the Interference of Thermally Unbalanced Aquifer Thermal Energy Storage Systems in Brussels (Belgium)," Energies, MDPI, vol. 14(19), pages 1-17, September.
    5. Bloemendal, Martin & Jaxa-Rozen, Marc & Olsthoorn, Theo, 2018. "Methods for planning of ATES systems," Applied Energy, Elsevier, vol. 216(C), pages 534-557.
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    9. Lu, Hongwei & Tian, Peipei & He, Li, 2019. "Evaluating the global potential of aquifer thermal energy storage and determining the potential worldwide hotspots driven by socio-economic, geo-hydrologic and climatic conditions," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 112(C), pages 788-796.
    10. Kai Stricker & Jens C. Grimmer & Robert Egert & Judith Bremer & Maziar Gholami Korzani & Eva Schill & Thomas Kohl, 2020. "The Potential of Depleted Oil Reservoirs for High-Temperature Storage Systems," Energies, MDPI, vol. 13(24), pages 1-26, December.
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    12. Jewon Oh & Daisuke Sumiyoshi & Masatoshi Nishioka & Hyunbae Kim, 2021. "Efficient Operation Method of Aquifer Thermal Energy Storage System Using Demand Response," Energies, MDPI, vol. 14(11), pages 1-18, May.
    13. Ghoreishi-Madiseh, Seyed Ali & Sasmito, Agus P. & Hassani, Ferri P. & Amiri, Leyla, 2017. "Performance evaluation of large scale rock-pit seasonal thermal energy storage for application in underground mine ventilation," Applied Energy, Elsevier, vol. 185(P2), pages 1940-1947.
    14. Kazemi, A.R. & Mahbaz, S.B. & Dehghani-Sanij, A.R. & Dusseault, M.B. & Fraser, R., 2019. "Performance Evaluation of an Enhanced Geothermal System in the Western Canada Sedimentary Basin," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 113(C), pages 1-1.
    15. Fleuchaus, Paul & Godschalk, Bas & Stober, Ingrid & Blum, Philipp, 2018. "Worldwide application of aquifer thermal energy storage – A review," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 94(C), pages 861-876.
    16. Xinxin Fu & Xiaofeng Wang & Jitao Zhou & Jiahao Ma, 2021. "Optimizing the Production-Living-Ecological Space for Reducing the Ecosystem Services Deficit," Land, MDPI, vol. 10(10), pages 1-17, September.
    17. Dahash, Abdulrahman & Ochs, Fabian & Janetti, Michele Bianchi & Streicher, Wolfgang, 2019. "Advances in seasonal thermal energy storage for solar district heating applications: A critical review on large-scale hot-water tank and pit thermal energy storage systems," Applied Energy, Elsevier, vol. 239(C), pages 296-315.
    18. Liu, Xueling & Wang, Yuanming & Li, Shuai & Jiang, Xin & Fu, Weijuan, 2020. "The influence of reinjection and hydrogeological parameters on thermal energy storage in brine aquifer," Applied Energy, Elsevier, vol. 278(C).
    19. Guelpa, Elisa & Verda, Vittorio, 2019. "Thermal energy storage in district heating and cooling systems: A review," Applied Energy, Elsevier, vol. 252(C), pages 1-1.
    20. Rostampour, Vahab & Jaxa-Rozen, Marc & Bloemendal, Martin & Kwakkel, Jan & Keviczky, Tamás, 2019. "Aquifer Thermal Energy Storage (ATES) smart grids: Large-scale seasonal energy storage as a distributed energy management solution," Applied Energy, Elsevier, vol. 242(C), pages 624-639.
    21. Parra, David & Swierczynski, Maciej & Stroe, Daniel I. & Norman, Stuart.A. & Abdon, Andreas & Worlitschek, Jörg & O’Doherty, Travis & Rodrigues, Lucelia & Gillott, Mark & Zhang, Xiaojin & Bauer, Chris, 2017. "An interdisciplinary review of energy storage for communities: Challenges and perspectives," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 79(C), pages 730-749.

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