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Intensità degli scambi agroalimentari tra i Paesi del bacino del Mediterraneo


  • Maria Crescimanno
  • Domenico Farruggia
  • Antonino Galati
  • Dario Siggia


The Mediterranean has always been an area of strategic interest for the European Union (eu), which, since its establishment, has woven a compact network of relationships with its trading partners in the South and East of the Mediterranean, signing cooperation and then associative agreements with them. This study aims to present a view of how the agro-food trade network has evolved between the eu’s Mediterranean partner countries and their neighbors in North Africa and the Near East. To measure the extent of this trade specific indicators are used which are also widely used in economic literature, albeit to analyze trade in sectors unconnected to agro-food. In particular, analyses carried out by applying bilateral trade indices, according to Frankel and Rose (1997) and Traistaru (2004), showed, on the whole, a progressive weakening in the amount of agro-food trade in the period 1996-2010. An analysis of the intensity indices for bilateral trade between partners in the area helped to identify the main factors that regulate commercial relationships. These are especially historical and excolonial relationships, as in the case of France, or else connected with geographical proximity, which results in border trade. Conversely, the Association Agreements and the Stabilization and Association Agreement signed between the EU on the one hand and its Mediterranean partners on the other, have played a only a marginal role in almost all trade in food products, showing that there is no relationship between the positive trend in the amount of trade and the signing and operation of such agreements.

Suggested Citation

  • Maria Crescimanno & Domenico Farruggia & Antonino Galati & Dario Siggia, 2013. "Intensità degli scambi agroalimentari tra i Paesi del bacino del Mediterraneo," ECONOMIA AGRO-ALIMENTARE, FrancoAngeli Editore, vol. 15(1), pages 13-35.
  • Handle: RePEc:fan:ecaqec:v:html10.3280/ecag2013-001002

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Drysdale, Peter & Garnaut, Ross, 1982. "Trade Intensities and the Analysis of Bilateral Trade Flows in a Many-Country World : A Survey," Hitotsubashi Journal of Economics, Hitotsubashi University, vol. 22(2), pages 62-84, February.
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    4. Paul James Cardwell, 2011. "EuroMed, European Neighbourhood Policy and the Union for the Mediterranean: Overlapping Policy Frames in the EU's Governance of the Mediterranean," Journal of Common Market Studies, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 49(2), pages 219-241, March.
    5. M. V. Posner, 1961. "International Trade And Technical Change," Oxford Economic Papers, Oxford University Press, vol. 13(3), pages 323-341.
    6. Christopher Edmonds & Yao Li, 2010. "A New Perspective On China Trade Growth: Application Of A New Index Of Bilateral Trade Intensity," Working Papers 201025, University of Hawaii at Manoa, Department of Economics.
    7. Alessandra Castellini & Cinzia Pisano, 2009. "L’impatto degli accordi Euro-mediterranei sull’ortofrutta italiana: alcuni risultati," ECONOMIA AGRO-ALIMENTARE, FrancoAngeli Editore, vol. 11(2), pages 105-121.
    8. Frankel, Jeffrey A. & Rose, Andrew K., 1997. "Is EMU more justifiable ex post than ex ante?," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 41(3-5), pages 753-760, April.
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    10. JosÈ-MarÌa GarcÌa-Alvarez-Coque, 2002. "Agricultural trade and the Barcelona Process: is full liberalisation possible?," European Review of Agricultural Economics, Foundation for the European Review of Agricultural Economics, vol. 29(3), pages 399-422, July.
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    JEL classification:

    • Q17 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Agriculture - - - Agriculture in International Trade
    • F14 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Empirical Studies of Trade


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