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Efectos de la gran recesión sobre la distribución del ingreso en México. (The Effects of the Great Recession on the Income Distribution in Mexico)

Author

Listed:
  • María del Rosario Ruiz Hernández.

    (Universidad de Guadalajara, México.)

  • Leonardo Adalberto Gatica.

    (Universidad de Guadalajara, México.)

Abstract

En este artículo analizamos el impacto que la Gran Recesión tuvo sobre la desigualdad del ingreso en México. Estudiamos tres diferentes dimensiones del ingreso de los hogares: el ingreso por trabajo asalariado, el ingreso total por trabajo y el ingreso monetario. Encontramos que el impacto negativo de la contracción económica sobre la inequidad del ingreso monetario no se observa para el ingreso por trabajo asalariado. Esta diferencia se explica por la caída en el ingreso por negocios que afectó en mayor proporción a los hogares del decil más alto, que a los hogares en los cuatro deciles más bajos de la distribución. Esta caída desproporcionada, de los ingresos por negocios, redujo ligeramente la desigualdad de los ingresos totales del trabajo. En el nivel regional se observan efectos heterogéneos; algunos de ellos se contraponen a lo observado en promedio, en el nivel nacional.

Suggested Citation

  • María del Rosario Ruiz Hernández. & Leonardo Adalberto Gatica., 2021. "Efectos de la gran recesión sobre la distribución del ingreso en México. (The Effects of the Great Recession on the Income Distribution in Mexico)," Ensayos Revista de Economia, Universidad Autonoma de Nuevo Leon, Facultad de Economia, vol. 0(1), pages 55-88, May.
  • Handle: RePEc:ere:journl:v:xl:y:2021:i:1:p:55-88
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    México; Gran Recesión; Distribución del Ingreso; Desigualdad;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • D30 - Microeconomics - - Distribution - - - General
    • D31 - Microeconomics - - Distribution - - - Personal Income and Wealth Distribution
    • O11 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Macroeconomic Analyses of Economic Development

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