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Vulnerability and discrimination among women, children and ethnic minorities

Author

Listed:
  • Floro Ernesto Caroleo
  • Gianna Claudia Giannelli
  • Francesco Pastore

Abstract

Purpose - This purpose of this paper is to introduce the special issue on vulnerability and discrimination among women, children and ethnic minorities. Design/methodology/approach - The paper discusses the articles in the special issue which employ a variety of individual-level data, some of which are newly available, and of econometric methods for the analysis of the determinants of labour supply and wages of different vulnerable groups. Findings - The articles manifest an amazing similarity of issues, nuances and policy implications, showing that the causes and consequences of absolute and relative vulnerability are common all over the world. The first set of papers may be framed within the definition of relative vulnerability: in fact, they refer to gender discrimination in Spain and Italy; gender and ethnic wage differentials in China; discrimination against Roma in Southeastern Europe; and the gender gap in early career in Mongolia. The second set of papers deals with absolute vulnerability: in fact, they study different aspects of child labour in India, Indonesia and Pakistan. Originality/value - The paper introduces a number of articles using little used data and uses a wide range of up-to-date theoretical and methodological approaches to the issues of vulnerability and discrimination.

Suggested Citation

  • Floro Ernesto Caroleo & Gianna Claudia Giannelli & Francesco Pastore, 2010. "Vulnerability and discrimination among women, children and ethnic minorities," International Journal of Manpower, Emerald Group Publishing, vol. 31(2), pages 101-108, May.
  • Handle: RePEc:eme:ijmpps:v:31:y:2010:i:2:p:101-108
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Kanchana Ruwanpura, 2008. "Multiple identities, multiple-discrimination: A critical review," Feminist Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 14(3), pages 77-105.
    2. Becker, Gary S., 1971. "The Economics of Discrimination," University of Chicago Press Economics Books, University of Chicago Press, edition 2, number 9780226041162, June.
    3. Bourguignon, Francois & Chiappori, Pierre-Andre, 1992. "Collective models of household behavior : An introduction," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 36(2-3), pages 355-364, April.
    4. Oaxaca, Ronald, 1973. "Male-Female Wage Differentials in Urban Labor Markets," International Economic Review, Department of Economics, University of Pennsylvania and Osaka University Institute of Social and Economic Research Association, vol. 14(3), pages 693-709, October.
    5. Uma Rani & Jeemol Unni, 2009. "Do Economic Reforms InfluenceHome-Based Work? Evidence from India," Feminist Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 15(3), pages 191-225.
    6. Jere R. Behrman & Andrew D. Foster & Mark R. Rosenzweig & Prem Vashishtha, 1999. "Women's Schooling, Home Teaching, and Economic Growth," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 107(4), pages 682-714, August.
    7. Kaushik Basu, 2006. "Gender and Say: a Model of Household Behaviour with Endogenously Determined Balance of Power," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 116(511), pages 558-580, April.
    8. Borooah, Vani & Iyer, Sriya, 2005. "The Decomposition of Inter-Group Differences in a Logit Model: Extending the Oaxaca-Blinder Approach with an Application to School Enrolment in India," MPRA Paper 19418, University Library of Munich, Germany.
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