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Puerto Rican Migration Flows and the Theory of Migrant Self-Selection

  • Sotomayor, Orlando
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    Summary Census data and a semi-parametric procedure for creating counterfactual distributions are used for analyzing migration patterns between two economies with large differences in average wages, wage dispersion, and returns to education. Results show that migration flows to the United States have been composed of individuals from the middle of the distribution of skill, thus supporting a process of intermediate selection. In the other direction, higher inequality and returns to education in the island attract migrants drawn from the top of the distribution. Findings are consistent with a selectivity model where time-equivalent migration costs are large and declining in skill.

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    File URL: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/B6VC6-4TR97SS-5/2/dd13b9f8463c04495b1179d389bdd3ca
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    Article provided by Elsevier in its journal World Development.

    Volume (Year): 37 (2009)
    Issue (Month): 3 (March)
    Pages: 726-738

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    Handle: RePEc:eee:wdevel:v:37:y:2009:i:3:p:726-738
    Contact details of provider: Web page: http://www.elsevier.com/locate/worlddev

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    5. Daniel Chiquiar & Gordon H. Hanson, 2005. "International Migration, Self-Selection, and the Distribution of Wages: Evidence from Mexico and the United States," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 113(2), pages 239-281, April.
    6. George J. Borjas & Bernt Bratsberg, 1994. "Who Leaves? The Outmigration of the Foreign-Born," NBER Working Papers 4913, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    7. Borjas, George J., 1999. "The economic analysis of immigration," Handbook of Labor Economics, in: O. Ashenfelter & D. Card (ed.), Handbook of Labor Economics, edition 1, volume 3, chapter 28, pages 1697-1760 Elsevier.
    8. Borjas, George J, 1985. "Assimilation, Changes in Cohort Quality, and the Earnings of Immigrants," Journal of Labor Economics, University of Chicago Press, vol. 3(4), pages 463-89, October.
    9. George J. Borjas, 2008. "Labor Outflows and Labor Inflows in Puerto Rico," Journal of Human Capital, University of Chicago Press, vol. 2(1), pages 32-68.
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