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Examining the linkages between automobile use and carbon impacts of community-based ice hockey


  • Chard, Chris
  • Mallen, Cheryl


Fossil fuels used in automobiles have generated over 15% of the carbon emissions worldwide (Nascimento et al., 2009) and driving represents the human activity contributing the most to air pollution (Barkenbus, 2009; Wiederkehr, 1995). As such, the purpose of this study was to generate understandings concerning the environmental impacts of ice hockey at the community level. Specifically, interviews with parents (n=32) of minor “rep” ice hockey players on two teams (16 parents from “A” level and 16 parents from “AAA” level) in Ontario, Canada were conducted to elicit information on automobile usage for “away” game travel. Using this information, two carbon footprint calculators were employed (CarbonZero and PlanetAir) to ascertain the carbon footprint of these hockey players. The results of the investigation show that the teams journeyed 44,036 (“A” team) and 33,477 (“AAA” team) kilometres, respectively, for “away” games and the total environmental impact of this travel was approximately 20tons of carbon dioxide (CO2). Organizational and individual behavioural initiatives, to mitigate impacts, are discussed as are future research initiatives about this important issue.

Suggested Citation

  • Chard, Chris & Mallen, Cheryl, 2012. "Examining the linkages between automobile use and carbon impacts of community-based ice hockey," Sport Management Review, Elsevier, vol. 15(4), pages 476-484.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:spomar:v:15:y:2012:i:4:p:476-484
    DOI: 10.1016/j.smr.2012.02.002

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