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Carbon Dioxide Emissions of Spectators’ Transportation in Collegiate Sporting Events: Comparing On-Campus and Off-Campus Stadium Locations

Author

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  • Stavros Triantafyllidis

    (Department of Tourism, Recreation and Sport Management, University of Florida, 300 Florida Gym, P.O. Box 118208, Gainesville, FL 32611, USA)

  • Robert J. Ries

    (M.E. Rinker Sr. School of Construction Management, University of Florida, 332 Rinker Hall, P.O. Box 115703, Gainesville, FL 32611-5703, USA)

  • Kyriaki (Kiki) Kaplanidou

    (Department of Tourism, Recreation and Sport Management, University of Florida, 300 Florida Gym, P.O. Box 118208, Gainesville, FL 32611, USA)

Abstract

Carbon dioxide (CO 2 ) emissions related to spectator’s transportation to collegiate football events is a significant consideration in the overall carbon footprint of collegiate sporting events. Transportation mode affects CO 2 emissions per spectator and stadium location, specifically on- and off-campus locations affect the transportation mode chosen by spectators. The quantity of CO 2 emissions generated from spectators’ transportation to collegiate sporting events at an on-campus university stadium is compared to off-campus stadium. The transportation modes and miles traveled by spectators were modeled with GREET 2016 to estimate CO 2 emissions. Significant differences were found between the two stadium locations regarding the spectators’ choice of transportation mode and distance traveled. Implications are presented for environmental sustainability and planning.

Suggested Citation

  • Stavros Triantafyllidis & Robert J. Ries & Kyriaki (Kiki) Kaplanidou, 2018. "Carbon Dioxide Emissions of Spectators’ Transportation in Collegiate Sporting Events: Comparing On-Campus and Off-Campus Stadium Locations," Sustainability, MDPI, vol. 10(1), pages 1-18, January.
  • Handle: RePEc:gam:jsusta:v:10:y:2018:i:1:p:241-:d:127529
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    References listed on IDEAS

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