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Locating fire stations: An integrated approach for Belgium

  • Chevalier, Philippe
  • Thomas, Isabelle
  • Geraets, David
  • Goetghebeur, Els
  • Janssens, Olivier
  • Peeters, Dominique
  • Plastria, Frank

This paper illustrates the potential of a decision-support system developed for Belgium by a consortium of universities and a private firm, in the framework of a public call made by the Ministry of the Interior. The system is designed to provide the Belgian emergency management administration with a complete decision-aid tool for the location of fire stations. The originality of the project is that it includes a risk-modeling approach developed at a national scale. This analysis involves a multiscale GIS that includes a thorough representation of the physical, human and economic spatial realities, a risk-modeling approach, an adequate optimal location and allocation model (taking into account both queuing and staffing problems). The final result is an interactive operational tool for defining locations, equipment allocations, staffing, response times, the cost/efficiency trade-off, etc. This flexible tool can be used in an assessment as well as a prospective context. It has been used to draw a national reorganization plan for fire stations that started being implemented in 2010.

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Article provided by Elsevier in its journal Socio-Economic Planning Sciences.

Volume (Year): 46 (2012)
Issue (Month): 2 ()
Pages: 173-182

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Handle: RePEc:eee:soceps:v:46:y:2012:i:2:p:173-182
Contact details of provider: Web page: http://www.elsevier.com/locate/seps

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  1. Eiselt, H.A. & Marianov, Vladimir, 2009. "Gradual location set covering with service quality," Socio-Economic Planning Sciences, Elsevier, vol. 43(2), pages 121-130, June.
  2. Alan Murray, 2010. "Advances in location modeling: GIS linkages and contributions," Journal of Geographical Systems, Springer, vol. 12(3), pages 335-354, September.
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  4. ReVelle, C.S. & Eiselt, H.A. & Daskin, M.S., 2008. "A bibliography for some fundamental problem categories in discrete location science," European Journal of Operational Research, Elsevier, vol. 184(3), pages 817-848, February.
  5. Alexandra Ribeiro & Ant�nio Pais Antunes, 2002. "A GIS-based decision-support tool for public facility planning," Environment and Planning B: Planning and Design, Pion Ltd, London, vol. 29(4), pages 553-569, July.
  6. Grubesic, Tony H., 2008. "Zip codes and spatial analysis: Problems and prospects," Socio-Economic Planning Sciences, Elsevier, vol. 42(2), pages 129-149, June.
  7. H Beguin & I Thomas & D Vandenbussche, 1992. "Weight variations within a set of demand points, and location - allocation issues: a case study of public libraries," Environment and Planning A, Pion Ltd, London, vol. 24(12), pages 1769-1779, December.
  8. Badri, Masood A. & Mortagy, Amr K. & Alsayed, Colonel Ali, 1998. "A multi-objective model for locating fire stations," European Journal of Operational Research, Elsevier, vol. 110(2), pages 243-260, October.
  9. Ohlsson, Mattias & Peterson, Carsten & Soderberg, Bo, 2001. "An efficient mean field approach to the set covering problem," European Journal of Operational Research, Elsevier, vol. 133(3), pages 583-595, September.
  10. HANSEN, Pierre & LABBE, Martine & PEETERS, Dominique & François THISSE, Jacques, . "Facility location analysis," CORE Discussion Papers RP -747, Université catholique de Louvain, Center for Operations Research and Econometrics (CORE).
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