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Biomass energy policies and strategies: Harvesting potential in India and Indonesia

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  • Singh, Rajbeer
  • Setiawan, Andri D.

Abstract

India and Indonesia are privileged with abundant biomass resource potentials, 23 Giga-watt (GW) and 50GW equivalents respectively, yet both countries harvest small proportions, with fundamentally different deployed policies and articulated strategies. In this regard, this paper focuses on analyzing evolution and deployment of different policies and execution of strategies by two countries. It analyzes the effects of the biomass energy policies and executed strategies in India and Indonesia with a holistic approach. Such an approach takes the policy and strategy of the whole biomass energy sector rather than a segmented and separated sector as biofuel, biogas, biodiesel, etc. Furthermore, how they have resulted in different outcomes is also addressed. Our analysis shows that India's biomass energy policy has evolved from incremental to more radical changes, while Indonesia's policy remains incremental. India has also a relatively more unified biomass energy strategy than Indonesia. India has been more focused on technology development and deployment along with strong institutional creation, whereas Indonesia has not been able to create any biomass sector supporting strong institutions. Therefore, in terms of biomass energy utilizations, India has demonstrated better performance than Indonesia.

Suggested Citation

  • Singh, Rajbeer & Setiawan, Andri D., 2013. "Biomass energy policies and strategies: Harvesting potential in India and Indonesia," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 22(C), pages 332-345.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:rensus:v:22:y:2013:i:c:p:332-345
    DOI: 10.1016/j.rser.2013.01.043
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Shafie, S.M., 2016. "A review on paddy residue based power generation: Energy, environment and economic perspective," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 59(C), pages 1089-1100.
    2. Setiawan, Andri D. & Cuppen, Eefje, 2013. "Stakeholder perspectives on carbon capture and storage in Indonesia," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 61(C), pages 1188-1199.
    3. Hosseini, Seyed Ehsan & Wahid, Mazlan Abdul, 2014. "Utilization of palm solid residue as a source of renewable and sustainable energy in Malaysia," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 40(C), pages 621-632.
    4. repec:eee:rensus:v:79:y:2017:i:c:p:1285-1302 is not listed on IDEAS
    5. repec:eee:rensus:v:81:y:2018:i:p2:p:2783-2795 is not listed on IDEAS
    6. Raheem, Abdur & Hassan, Mohammad Yusri & Shakoor, Rabia, 2016. "Bioenergy from anaerobic digestion in Pakistan: Potential, development and prospects," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 59(C), pages 264-275.
    7. Colenbrander, Sarah & Gouldson, Andy & Sudmant, Andrew Heshedahl & Papargyropoulou, Effie, 2015. "The economic case for low-carbon development in rapidly growing developing world cities: A case study of Palembang, Indonesia," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 80(C), pages 24-35.
    8. Khatiwada, Dilip & Silveira, Semida, 2017. "Scenarios for bioethanol production in Indonesia: How can we meet mandatory blending targets?," Energy, Elsevier, vol. 119(C), pages 351-361.

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