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Comparative study of energy saving light sources

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  • Khan, N.
  • Abas, N.

Abstract

Techno-economic performance comparison of compact fluorescent lamps (CFL) with light emitting diodes (LED), electrode less fluorescent lamps (EEFL), fluorescent tubes, incandescent bulbs, photovoltaic (PV) and fiber optic lighting systems was carried out in view of worsening power and energy crisis in Pakistan. Literature survey showed 23 W CFL, 21 W EEFL, 18 W fluorescent tube or 15 W LED lamps emit almost same quantity of luminous flux (lumens) as a standard 100 W incandescent lamp. All inclusive, operational costs of LED lamps were found 1.21, 1.62. 1.69, 6.46, 19.90 and 21.04 times lesser than fluorescent tubes, CFL, EEFL, incandescent bulbs, fiber optic solar lighting and PV systems, respectively. However, tubes, LED, CFL and EEFL lamps worsen electric power quality of low voltage networks due to high current harmonic distortions (THD) and poor power factors (PF). Fluorescent lamps emit UV and pollute environment by mercury and phosphors when broken or at end of their life cycle. Energy consumption, bio-effects, and environmental concerns prefer LED lamps over phosphor based lamps but power quality considerations prefer EEFL. CFL and EEFL manufacturers claim operating temperatures in range of -20 °CÂ

Suggested Citation

  • Khan, N. & Abas, N., 2011. "Comparative study of energy saving light sources," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 15(1), pages 296-309, January.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:rensus:v:15:y:2011:i:1:p:296-309
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    2. Kalair, A. & Abas, N. & Kalair, A.R. & Saleem, Z. & Khan, N., 2017. "Review of harmonic analysis, modeling and mitigation techniques," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 78(C), pages 1152-1187.
    3. Azcarate, I. & Gutierrez, J.J. & Lazkano, A. & Saiz, P. & Redondo, K. & Leturiondo, L.A., 2016. "Towards limiting the sensitivity of energy-efficient lighting to voltage fluctuations," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 59(C), pages 1384-1395.
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    6. Trianni, Andrea & Cagno, Enrico & De Donatis, Alessio, 2014. "A framework to characterize energy efficiency measures," Applied Energy, Elsevier, vol. 118(C), pages 207-220.
    7. Nardelli, Andrei & Deuschle, Eduardo & de Azevedo, Leticia Dalpaz & Pessoa, João Lorenço Novaes & Ghisi, Enedir, 2017. "Assessment of Light Emitting Diodes technology for general lighting: A critical review," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 75(C), pages 368-379.
    8. Ortega, R. & Figueres, E. & Garcerá, G. & Trujillo, C.L. & Velasco, D., 2012. "Control techniques for reduction of the total harmonic distortion in voltage applied to a single-phase inverter with nonlinear loads: Review," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 16(3), pages 1754-1761.
    9. Tanesab, Julius & Parlevliet, David & Whale, Jonathan & Urmee, Tania, 2018. "Energy and economic losses caused by dust on residential photovoltaic (PV) systems deployed in different climate areas," Renewable Energy, Elsevier, vol. 120(C), pages 401-412.
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    11. Timma, Lelde & Bazbauers, Gatis & Bariss, Uldis & Blumberga, Andra & Blumberga, Dagnija, 2017. "Energy efficiency policy analysis using socio-technical approach and system dynamics. Case study of lighting in Latvia's households," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 109(C), pages 545-554.
    12. Memon, Mudasir Ahmed & Mekhilef, Saad & Mubin, Marizan & Aamir, Muhammad, 2018. "Selective harmonic elimination in inverters using bio-inspired intelligent algorithms for renewable energy conversion applications: A review," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 82(P3), pages 2235-2253.
    13. Abas, Naeem & Kalair, Ali Raza & Khan, Nasrullah & Haider, Aun & Saleem, Zahid & Saleem, Muhammad Shoaib, 2018. "Natural and synthetic refrigerants, global warming: A review," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 90(C), pages 557-569.
    14. Natthanon Phannil & Chaiyan Jettanasen & Atthapol Ngaopitakkul, 2018. "Harmonics and Reduction of Energy Consumption in Lighting Systems by Using LED Lamps," Energies, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 11(11), pages 1-27, November.
    15. McMeekin, Andrew & Geels, Frank W. & Hodson, Mike, 2019. "Mapping the winds of whole system reconfiguration: Analysing low-carbon transformations across production, distribution and consumption in the UK electricity system (1990–2016)," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 48(5), pages 1216-1231.
    16. Francesco Leccese & Viola Vandelanotte & Giacomo Salvadori & Michele Rocca, 2015. "Blue Light Hazard and Risk Group Classification of 8 W LED Tubes, Replacing Fluorescent Tubes, through Optical Radiation Measurements," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 7(10), pages 1-15, September.
    17. Miroslaw Wlas & Stanislaw Galla, 2018. "The Influence of LED Lighting Sources on the Nature of Power Factor," Energies, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 11(6), pages 1-12, June.
    18. Santiago, I. & López-Rodríguez, M.A. & Gil-de-Castro, A. & Moreno-Munoz, A. & Luna-Rodríguez, J.J., 2013. "Energy consumption of audiovisual devices in the residential sector: Economic impact of harmonic losses," Energy, Elsevier, vol. 60(C), pages 292-301.
    19. Khorasanizadeh, Hasti & Parkkinen, Jussi & Parthiban, Rajendran & David Moore, Joel, 2015. "Energy and economic benefits of LED adoption in Malaysia," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 49(C), pages 629-637.
    20. Ruparathna, Rajeev & Hewage, Kasun & Sadiq, Rehan, 2016. "Improving the energy efficiency of the existing building stock: A critical review of commercial and institutional buildings," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 53(C), pages 1032-1045.

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