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Economies of scale, learning effects and offshore wind development costs


  • Dismukes, David E.
  • Upton, Gregory B.


This paper presents a model of overnight development costs for offshore wind projects and tests for the presence of economies of scale and learning effects. Both industry-wide and country-specific learning effects are analyzed. Recently, “pilot projects” have been proposed in states such as Maine and New Jersey with the hope of inducing cost savings in future larger utility scale projects. Therefore the impact of country-specific learning effects are of particular importance.

Suggested Citation

  • Dismukes, David E. & Upton, Gregory B., 2015. "Economies of scale, learning effects and offshore wind development costs," Renewable Energy, Elsevier, vol. 83(C), pages 61-66.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:renene:v:83:y:2015:i:c:p:61-66
    DOI: 10.1016/j.renene.2015.04.002

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    References listed on IDEAS

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    10. Giovanni Fraquelli & Massimiliano Piacenza & Davide Vannoni, 2004. "Scope and scale economies in multi-utilities: evidence from gas, water and electricity combinations," Applied Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 36(18), pages 2045-2057.
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    Cited by:

    1. Levi, Peter G. & Pollitt, Michael G., 2015. "Cost trajectories of low carbon electricity generation technologies in the UK: A study of cost uncertainty," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 87(C), pages 48-59.
    2. Dylan F. Jones & Graham Wall, 2016. "An extended goal programming model for site selection in the offshore wind farm sector," Annals of Operations Research, Springer, vol. 245(1), pages 121-135, October.
    3. John W. Day & Christopher F. D’Elia & Adrian R. H. Wiegman & Jeffrey S. Rutherford & Charles A. S. Hall & Robert R. Lane & David E. Dismukes, 2018. "The Energy Pillars of Society: Perverse Interactions of Human Resource Use, the Economy, and Environmental Degradation," Biophysical Economics and Resource Quality, Springer, vol. 3(1), pages 1-16, March.
    4. Lenzen, Manfred & McBain, Bonnie & Trainer, Ted & Jütte, Silke & Rey-Lescure, Olivier & Huang, Jing, 2016. "Simulating low-carbon electricity supply for Australia," Applied Energy, Elsevier, vol. 179(C), pages 553-564.
    5. Dedecca, João Gorenstein & Hakvoort, Rudi A. & Ortt, J. Roland, 2016. "Market strategies for offshore wind in Europe: A development and diffusion perspective," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 66(C), pages 286-296.
    6. Vieira, M. & Snyder, B. & Henriques, E. & Reis, L., 2019. "European offshore wind capital cost trends up to 2020," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 129(C), pages 1364-1371.
    7. Bigerna, Simona & Bollino, Carlo Andrea & Micheli, Silvia, 2016. "Renewable energy scenarios for costs reductions in the European Union," Renewable Energy, Elsevier, vol. 96(PA), pages 80-90.
    8. McDonagh, Shane & Ahmed, Shorif & Desmond, Cian & Murphy, Jerry D, 2020. "Hydrogen from offshore wind: Investor perspective on the profitability of a hybrid system including for curtailment," Applied Energy, Elsevier, vol. 265(C).
    9. Schwanitz, Valeria Jana & Wierling, August, 2016. "Offshore wind investments – Realism about cost developments is necessary," Energy, Elsevier, vol. 106(C), pages 170-181.


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