Is it better to live in a US or a European city?
We examine equilibria for a city where amenities are generated and valued by a social group, the rich. We considered two types of spatial structures: the American equilibrium (where rich households are located at the periphery) and the European equilibrium (where the rich households are concentrated in the central part of the city), proving that both can exist, and deriving their conditions. We find that the European equilibrium is more restrictive than the American one. The second main result is that, in terms of welfare, the American structure is superior to the European one.
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- Brueckner, Jan K. & Thisse, Jacques-Francois & Zenou, Yves, 1999.
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- BRUECKNER, Jan K. & THISSE, Jacques-François & ZENOU, Yves, . "Why is central Paris rich and downtown Detroit poor? An amenity-based theory," CORE Discussion Papers RP -1370, Université catholique de Louvain, Center for Operations Research and Econometrics (CORE).
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