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The effect of charter schools on achievement and behavior of public school students

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  • Imberman, Scott A.

Abstract

Charter schools have seen dramatic growth over the last decade. However, we know little about how they affect traditional public schools. I look at how charters affect student outcomes in public schools using data from a large urban school district in the southwest. Unlike prior work that relies on school fixed effects, I address the endogenous location of charter schools using an instrumental variables strategy that relies on plausibly exogenous variation in local building supply. Results show that charters induce modest but statistically significant drops in math and language test scores, particularly for elementary students. However, results for middle and high school students show improvements in discipline.

Suggested Citation

  • Imberman, Scott A., 2011. "The effect of charter schools on achievement and behavior of public school students," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 95(7), pages 850-863.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:pubeco:v:95:y:2011:i:7:p:850-863
    DOI: 10.1016/j.jpubeco.2011.02.003
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Jackson, C. Kirabo, 2012. "School competition and teacher labor markets: Evidence from charter school entry in North Carolina," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 96(5), pages 431-448.
    2. Nirav Mehta, 2012. "Competition in Public School Districts: Charter School Entry, Student Sorting, and School Input Determination," 2012 Meeting Papers 42, Society for Economic Dynamics.
    3. Figlio, D. & Karbownik, K. & Salvanes, K.G., 2016. "Education Research and Administrative Data," Handbook of the Economics of Education, Elsevier.
    4. Singleton, John, 2017. "Incentives and the Supply of Effective Charter Schools," MPRA Paper 83532, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    5. Yusuke Jinnai, 2015. "How Does School Choice Improve Student Achievement? Estimating School-level Competitive Effects and Student-level Peer Effects," Working Papers EMS_2016_09, Research Institute, International University of Japan.
    6. Chakrabarti, Rajashri & Roy, Joydeep, 2016. "Do charter schools crowd out private school enrollment? Evidence from Michigan," Journal of Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 91(C), pages 88-103.
    7. Matthew Kasman & Susanna Loeb, 2013. "Principals' Perceptions of Competition for Students in Milwaukee Schools," Education Finance and Policy, MIT Press, vol. 8(1), pages 43-73, January.
    8. Margaret Brehm & Scott A. Imberman & Michael Naretta, 2017. "Capitalization of Charter Schools into Residential Property Values," Education Finance and Policy, MIT Press, vol. 12(1), pages 1-27, Winter.
    9. David M. Welsch & David M. Zimmer, 2015. "The Relationship Between Student Transfers and District Academic Performance: Accounting for Feedback Effects," Education Finance and Policy, MIT Press, vol. 10(3), pages 399-422, July.
    10. Jinnai, Yusuke, 2014. "Direct and indirect impact of charter schools’ entry on traditional public schools: New evidence from North Carolina," Economics Letters, Elsevier, vol. 124(3), pages 452-456.
    11. Robert Bifulco & Randall Reback, 2014. "Fiscal Impacts of Charter Schools: Lessons from New York," Education Finance and Policy, MIT Press, vol. 9(1), pages 86-107, January.
    12. repec:eee:pubeco:v:158:y:2018:i:c:p:48-62 is not listed on IDEAS
    13. Nathan L. Gray & John D. Merrifield & Kerry A. Adzima, 2016. "A private universal voucher program’s effects on traditional public schools," Journal of Economics and Finance, Springer;Academy of Economics and Finance, vol. 40(2), pages 319-344, April.
    14. Brian P. Gill & Jennifer S. Lerner & Paul Meosky, "undated". "Re-Imagining Accountability in K-12 Education: A Behavioral Science Perspective," Mathematica Policy Research Reports d0c19d0709b641259fe391b2e, Mathematica Policy Research.
    15. Patrick L. Baude & Marcus Casey & Eric A. Hanushek & Steven G. Rivkin, 2014. "The Evolution of Charter School Quality," NBER Working Papers 20645, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    16. Loeb, Susanna & Valant, Jon & Kasman, Matt, 2011. "Increasing Choice in the Market for Schools: Recent Reforms and Their Effects on Student Achievement," National Tax Journal, National Tax Association;National Tax Journal, vol. 64(1), pages 141-163, March.
    17. Christopher R. Walters, 2014. "The Demand for Effective Charter Schools," NBER Working Papers 20640, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.

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