Achievement and Behavior in Charter Schools: Drawing a More Complete Picture
Using a long panel with broad grade coverage, I assess how charter schools af fect test scores, attendance, and discipline in order to establish whether these schools affect cognitive and non-cognitive skill formation. Schools that begin as charters generate large improvements in discipline and attendance but not test scores, with the exception of math scores in middle schools. I interpret this as re ecting improvements in non-cognitive skills but not cognitive skills. These improvements do not persist if students return to regular pub- lic schools. Charters that convert from regular public schools have little impact on cognitive or non-cognitive skill formation. These results are robust to potential bias from selection off of pre-charter trends, attrition and persistence.
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