IDEAS home Printed from https://ideas.repec.org/a/eee/pubeco/v93y2009i11-12p1125-1130.html
   My bibliography  Save this article

Are labels effective against child labor?

Author

Listed:
  • Baland, Jean-Marie
  • Duprez, Cédric

Abstract

In this paper, we investigate the impact of introducing a label certifying the absence of child labor in the export production of the South. When most eligible producers in the South can obtain the label, its impact is considerably reduced by a displacement effect whereby adult workers replace children in the export sector while children replace adults in the domestic sector. The label is then unable to create a price differential in the South between goods produced under the label and those produced without it. When only a small fraction of eligible producers have access to the label, the South exports both labeled and unlabeled goods to the North. In this case, labeled producers generally gain while those without a label generally loose from the introduction of the label. Ex ante welfare may fall in the South if the probability of getting a label when one qualifies is small. The impact on child labor is in general ambiguous.

Suggested Citation

  • Baland, Jean-Marie & Duprez, Cédric, 2009. "Are labels effective against child labor?," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 93(11-12), pages 1125-1130, December.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:pubeco:v:93:y:2009:i:11-12:p:1125-1130
    as

    Download full text from publisher

    File URL: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0047-2727(09)00096-6
    Download Restriction: Full text for ScienceDirect subscribers only

    As the access to this document is restricted, you may want to search for a different version of it.

    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Eric V. Edmonds, 2005. "Does Child Labor Decline with Improving Economic Status?," Journal of Human Resources, University of Wisconsin Press, vol. 40(1).
    2. Basu, Kaushik & Van, Pham Hoang, 1998. "The Economics of Child Labor," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 88(3), pages 412-427, June.
    3. Kaushik Basu & Zafiris Tzannatos, 2003. "The Global Child Labor Problem: What Do We Know and What Can We Do?," World Bank Economic Review, World Bank Group, vol. 17(2), pages 147-173, December.
    4. Canagarajah, Sudharshan & Coulombe, Harold, 1997. "Child labor and schooling in Ghana," Policy Research Working Paper Series 1844, The World Bank.
    5. Davies, Ronald B., 2005. "Abstinence from child labor and profit seeking," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 76(1), pages 251-263, February.
    6. Ranjan, Priya, 2001. "Credit constraints and the phenomenon of child labor," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 64(1), pages 81-102, February.
    7. Jafarey, Saqib & Lahiri, Sajal, 2002. "Will trade sanctions reduce child labour?: The role of credit markets," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 68(1), pages 137-156, June.
    8. Sonia Bhalotra & Christopher Heady, 2003. "Child Farm Labor: The Wealth Paradox," World Bank Economic Review, World Bank Group, vol. 17(2), pages 197-227, December.
    9. Basu, Kaushik, 2003. "Policy Dilemmas for Controlling Child Labor," Working Papers 03-11, Cornell University, Center for Analytic Economics.
    10. Rosendorff, B Peter, 1996. "Voluntary Export Restraints, Antidumping Procedure, and Domestic Politics," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 86(3), pages 544-561, June.
    11. Ranjan Ray, 2000. "Analysis of child labour in Peru and Pakistan: A comparative study," Journal of Population Economics, Springer;European Society for Population Economics, vol. 13(1), pages 3-19.
    12. Jean-Marie Baland & James A. Robinson, 2000. "Is Child Labor Inefficient?," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 108(4), pages 663-679, August.
    13. Arnab K. Basu & Nancy H. Chau & Ulrike Grote, 2006. "Guaranteed Manufactured without Child Labor: The Economics of Consumer Boycotts, Social Labeling and Trade Sanctions," Review of Development Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 10(3), pages 466-491, August.
    14. James Levinsohn & Steven Berry & Ariel Pakes, 1999. "Voluntary Export Restraints on Automobiles: Evaluating a Trade Policy," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 89(3), pages 400-430, June.
    15. Dessy, Sylvain E., 2000. "A defense of compulsive measures against child labor," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 62(1), pages 261-275, June.
    16. George Psacharopoulos, 1997. "Child labor versus educational attainment Some evidence from Latin America," Journal of Population Economics, Springer;European Society for Population Economics, vol. 10(4), pages 377-386.
    17. Drusilla K. Brown, 1999. "Can Consumer Product Labels Deter Foreign Child Labor Exploitation?," Discussion Papers Series, Department of Economics, Tufts University 9919, Department of Economics, Tufts University.
    18. Partha Deb & Furio Rosati, 2002. "Determinants of Child Labor and School Attendance: The Role of Household Unobservables," Economics Working Paper Archive at Hunter College 02/9, Hunter College Department of Economics.
    19. Sonia Bhalotra, and Zafiris Tzannatos, 2003. "Child labor : what have we learnt?," Social Protection and Labor Policy and Technical Notes 27872, The World Bank.
    20. Canagarajah, Sudharshan & Nielsen, Helena Skyt, 1999. "Child labor and schooling in Africa : a comparative study," Social Protection and Labor Policy and Technical Notes 20456, The World Bank.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    Citations

    Citations are extracted by the CitEc Project, subscribe to its RSS feed for this item.
    as


    Cited by:

    1. Irving Rosales, 2013. "Learn, sweat or steal: a theory of development and the activity of children," Working Papers 0613, Universidad Iberoamericana, Department of Economics.
    2. Margaryta Klymak, 2017. "The Trade Impacts of the Naming and Shaming of Forced and Child Labor," Trinity Economics Papers tep1517, Trinity College Dublin, Department of Economics.
    3. Éva G. Fekete, 2013. "CROSSEDU: új gazdasági képzési kurzusok a régióban," Eszak-magyarorszagi Strategiai Fuzetek, Faculty of Economics, University of Miskolc, vol. 10(2), pages 6-16.
    4. Bettina Martus, 2013. "Hol van a (kor)határ? - A gyermekmunka következményei és megoldási lehetőségei," Eszak-magyarorszagi Strategiai Fuzetek, Faculty of Economics, University of Miskolc, vol. 10(2), pages 100-115.
    5. Éva G. Fekete, 2013. "Foglalkoztatás bővítése a helyi elsődleges munkaerőpiacon," Eszak-magyarorszagi Strategiai Fuzetek, Faculty of Economics, University of Miskolc, vol. 10(2), pages 70-81.
    6. Ivana Hvižďáková, 2013. "National Factors of Cluster Development and Management," Eszak-magyarorszagi Strategiai Fuzetek, Faculty of Economics, University of Miskolc, vol. 10(2), pages 57-69.
    7. Moana S. Simas & Laura Golsteijn & Mark A. J. Huijbregts & Richard Wood & Edgar G. Hertwich, 2014. "The “Bad Labor” Footprint: Quantifying the Social Impacts of Globalization," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 6(11), pages 1-27, October.
    8. Dezső Szakály, 2013. "Technológiai háború! – Miből készülnek a modernizáció rejtett kulcsai?," Eszak-magyarorszagi Strategiai Fuzetek, Faculty of Economics, University of Miskolc, vol. 10(2), pages 32-45.
    9. Ádám Horváth & Melinda Mihály & Bálint Supka, 2013. "A foglalkoztatás fejlesztésének lehetőségei a Fehérgyarmati kistérségben," Eszak-magyarorszagi Strategiai Fuzetek, Faculty of Economics, University of Miskolc, vol. 10(2), pages 124-130.
    10. Michele Di Maio & Giorgio Fabbri, 2013. "Consumer boycott, household heterogeneity, and child labor," Journal of Population Economics, Springer;European Society for Population Economics, vol. 26(4), pages 1609-1630, October.
    11. Francisco Gonzalez & Irving Rosales, 2016. "The case against child labor bans," Working Papers 1601, University of Waterloo, Department of Economics, revised Jan 2016.
    12. Auriol, Emmanuelle & Schilizzi, Steven G.M., 2015. "Quality signaling through certification in developing countries," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 116(C), pages 105-121.
    13. Iveta Korobaničová, 2013. "Marketing in Small and Medium Enterprises - A case study in Slovakia," Eszak-magyarorszagi Strategiai Fuzetek, Faculty of Economics, University of Miskolc, vol. 10(2), pages 82-89.
    14. Ana C. Dammert & Sarah Mohan, 2015. "A Survey Of The Economics Of Fair Trade," Journal of Economic Surveys, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 29(5), pages 855-868, December.
    15. Eszter Siposné Nádori, 2013. "Szegénység és boldogság-érzet területi különbségei Európában és a világon," Eszak-magyarorszagi Strategiai Fuzetek, Faculty of Economics, University of Miskolc, vol. 10(2), pages 90-99.
    16. Laura Czifra & Aranka Mészáros, 2013. "A stafétabot átadása: avagy az újabb generációk megjelenése a munkahelyeken," Eszak-magyarorszagi Strategiai Fuzetek, Faculty of Economics, University of Miskolc, vol. 10(2), pages 116-122.
    17. Natasa Urbančíková & Oto Hudec, 2013. "Unlocking Potential of Social Capital in the Border Regions," Eszak-magyarorszagi Strategiai Fuzetek, Faculty of Economics, University of Miskolc, vol. 10(2), pages 17-31.
    18. Martina Prochádzková, 2013. "Regional innovation networks from two perspectives – innovation as an essence of local development (The Case of Slovak region)," Eszak-magyarorszagi Strategiai Fuzetek, Faculty of Economics, University of Miskolc, vol. 10(2), pages 46-56.
    19. Alexander W. Cappelen & Tone Ognedal, 2017. "Certification and socially responsible production," Economics of Governance, Springer, vol. 18(1), pages 71-84, February.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Child labor Label Fair trade;

    Statistics

    Access and download statistics

    Corrections

    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:eee:pubeco:v:93:y:2009:i:11-12:p:1125-1130. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Dana Niculescu). General contact details of provider: http://www.elsevier.com/locate/inca/505578 .

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    If CitEc recognized a reference but did not link an item in RePEc to it, you can help with this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service hosted by the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis . RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.