Outsourcing versus joint venture from vendor's perspective
Even though many studies have discussed outsourcing contracts from the client's perspective, little research has been done from the vendor's perspective. In this paper, we consider a vendor's outsourcing contract decision-making process, during which the market price and the vendor's operation cost are uncertain. This paper develops real option models to investigate whether a vendor firm should sign an outsourcing contract from its client or establish a joint venture with this client. Our results show that, while the feasibility of an outsourcing contract to the vendor increases with a higher contract price offered by the client, the feasibility of a joint venture depends on market conditions. We also find that there are loss-by-acceptance regions, in which either an outsourcing or a joint venture contract is currently feasible to start, but a vendor may sustain a loss by accepting such a contract.
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