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Structural reforms at the zero bound

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  • Vogel, Lukas

Abstract

The paper uses the a multi-region (reforming euro-area region, rest of euro area, rest of world) version of the QUEST macroeconomic model to analyse the impact of structural reforms on economic activity in a macroeconomic environment in which the zero bound on monetary policy rates is temporarily binding. Following Eggertsson et al. (2014), the simulations focus on reforms with deflationary impact, namely reforms that increase competition and reduce mark-ups and labour costs in the economy. The results suggest that the short-term output response to reforms is less positive at the zero bound compared to 'normal times' and can indeed be negative. Negative net effects are small and rather short-lived, however. Simulations that compare current and pre-announced future reforms question the idea that commitment to future reforms would improve economic conditions compared to reform implementation at the zero bound. According to political economy models, the zero bound may reduce reform intensity by increasing the short-term cost of implementation.

Suggested Citation

  • Vogel, Lukas, 2017. "Structural reforms at the zero bound," European Journal of Political Economy, Elsevier, vol. 48(C), pages 74-90.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:poleco:v:48:y:2017:i:c:p:74-90
    DOI: 10.1016/j.ejpoleco.2016.08.009
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    Cited by:

    1. repec:onb:oenbfi:y:2018:i:q3-18:b:9 is not listed on IDEAS
    2. Cacciatore, Matteo & Duval, Romain & Fiori, Giuseppe & Ghironi, Fabio, 2016. "Market reforms in the time of imbalance," Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control, Elsevier, vol. 72(C), pages 69-93.
    3. Dimitris Papageorgiou & Evangelia Vourvachaki, 2015. "The Macroeconomic Impact of Structural Reforms in Product and Labour Markets: Trade-Offs and Complementarities," Working Papers 197, Bank of Greece.
    4. Kollmann, Robert & Vogel, Lukas, 2016. "Comments on “Market reforms in the time of imbalance” by M. Cacciatore, R. Duval, G. Fiori and F. Ghironi," Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control, Elsevier, vol. 72(C), pages 94-97.
    5. repec:eee:jmacro:v:55:y:2018:i:c:p:28-45 is not listed on IDEAS
    6. Campagne, Benoît & Poissonnier, Aurélien, 2018. "Structural reforms in DSGE models: Output gains but welfare losses," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 75(C), pages 397-421.
    7. Fritz Breuss, 2015. "In Search of Growth in a Future with Diminished Expectations. The Case of Austria," WIFO Working Papers 493, WIFO.
    8. repec:eee:jpolmo:v:40:y:2018:i:6:p:1200-1220 is not listed on IDEAS
    9. Romanos Priftis & Lukas Vogel, 2016. "The Portfolio Balance Mechanism and QE in the Euro Area," Manchester School, University of Manchester, vol. 84(S1), pages 84-105, September.
    10. repec:eee:poleco:v:48:y:2017:i:c:p:54-73 is not listed on IDEAS
    11. Kollmann, Robert & Vogel, Lukas, 2015. "Discussion of ‘Market Reforms in the Time of Imbalance’ (M. Cacciatore, R.Duval, G. Fiori, F. Ghironi)," MPRA Paper 70194, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    12. Kurt Bayer, 2018. "Which Structural Reforms Does E(M)U Need to Function Properly?," wiiw Policy Notes 28, The Vienna Institute for International Economic Studies, wiiw.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    DSGE model; Structural reforms; Zero bound; Real interest rate; Wealth effect; Investment; Competitiveness;

    JEL classification:

    • E20 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Consumption, Saving, Production, Employment, and Investment - - - General (includes Measurement and Data)
    • E30 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Prices, Business Fluctuations, and Cycles - - - General (includes Measurement and Data)
    • E60 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Macroeconomic Policy, Macroeconomic Aspects of Public Finance, and General Outlook - - - General
    • F40 - International Economics - - Macroeconomic Aspects of International Trade and Finance - - - General

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