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Exporting, skills and wage inequality

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  • Klein, Michael W.
  • Moser, Christoph
  • Urban, Dieter M.

Abstract

International trade has been cited as a source of widening wage inequality in industrial nations. Most previous empirical evidence supports this claim by showing an effect in which increasing exports tilt demand towards firms which export and employ a relatively large proportion of higher-skilled workers from the group of firms which do not export. We find that, in addition to this, there is also an effect whereby, among exporting firms, there is a significant wage premium for high-skilled workers and a wage discount for low-skilled workers. These estimates are based on a matched employer–employee data set of western German manufacturing firms over the period 1993–2007. Our estimates suggest that export activity can be associated with up to 30% of within and between skill group wage inequality.

Suggested Citation

  • Klein, Michael W. & Moser, Christoph & Urban, Dieter M., 2013. "Exporting, skills and wage inequality," Labour Economics, Elsevier, vol. 25(C), pages 76-85.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:labeco:v:25:y:2013:i:c:p:76-85
    DOI: 10.1016/j.labeco.2013.03.005
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Egger, Hartmut & Kreickemeier, Udo & Moser, Christoph & Wrona, Jens, 2016. "Offshoring and job polarisation between firms," DICE Discussion Papers 234, University of Düsseldorf, Düsseldorf Institute for Competition Economics (DICE).
    2. Bøler, Esther Ann & Javorcik, Beata & Ulltveit-Moe, Karen Helene, 2015. "Globalization: a woman’s best friend? Exporters andthe gender wage gap," LSE Research Online Documents on Economics 62604, London School of Economics and Political Science, LSE Library.
    3. repec:bla:worlde:v:40:y:2017:i:5:p:883-905 is not listed on IDEAS
    4. Thomas K. Bauer & Tanja Kasten & Lars-H. R. Siemers, 2017. "Business Taxation and Wages: Redistribution and Asymmetric Effects," Volkswirtschaftliche Diskussionsbeiträge 182-17, Universität Siegen, Fakultät Wirtschaftswissenschaften, Wirtschaftsinformatik und Wirtschaftsrecht.
    5. Anwar, Sajid & Sun, Sizhong, 2015. "Taxation of labour income and the skilled–unskilled wage inequality," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 47(C), pages 18-22.
    6. Joern Kleinert, 2018. "Globalization Effects on the Distribution of Income," Graz Economics Papers 2018-07, University of Graz, Department of Economics.
    7. Gregor Hesse, 2015. "Inequality in a global economy: evidence from Germany," Review of World Economics (Weltwirtschaftliches Archiv), Springer;Institut für Weltwirtschaft (Kiel Institute for the World Economy), vol. 151(4), pages 803-820, November.
    8. Biewen, Martin & Seckler, Matthias, 2017. "Changes in the German Wage Structure: Unions, Internationalization, Tasks, Firms, and Worker Characteristics," IZA Discussion Papers 10763, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).

    More about this item

    Keywords

    International trade; Export wage premium; Exports; Wages; Wage inequality; Linked employer–employee data;

    JEL classification:

    • F10 - International Economics - - Trade - - - General
    • F16 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Trade and Labor Market Interactions
    • J31 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Wages, Compensation, and Labor Costs - - - Wage Level and Structure; Wage Differentials

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