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Regional labour markets and job accessibility in City Network systems in Germany

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  • Reggiani, Aura
  • Bucci, Pietro
  • Russo, Giovanni
  • Haas, Anette
  • Nijkamp, Peter

Abstract

Spatial labour markets are subjected to the forces of regional economic activity and competing network effects. Commuting is, therefore, an important equilibrating vehicle in a City Network constellation. Cities act as attractors of commuters, as most economic activity occurs in cities, thus providing a high share of attractive workplaces. Cities that are centrally connected in a network may act as both centripetal and centrifugal forces in the whole system. The present paper focuses on what is named the City Network (CN) approach. A central idea is the accessibility concept, which is interpreted here as the potential of opportunity for interaction, which has a positive impact on economic growth. In our paper, the accessibility concept and the CN concept are linked together by positioning accessibility in the CN system. Since accessibility measures give geographical insights into the distribution of economic activities and the related (dis)equilibrium of regional development patterns, the connection with the labour market is evident, and, therefore, a second focus of our analysis.

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  • Reggiani, Aura & Bucci, Pietro & Russo, Giovanni & Haas, Anette & Nijkamp, Peter, 2011. "Regional labour markets and job accessibility in City Network systems in Germany," Journal of Transport Geography, Elsevier, vol. 19(4), pages 528-536.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:jotrge:v:19:y:2011:i:4:p:528-536
    DOI: 10.1016/j.jtrangeo.2010.05.008
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    Cited by:

    1. Cheng, Jianquan & Bertolini, Luca, 2013. "Measuring urban job accessibility with distance decay, competition and diversity," Journal of Transport Geography, Elsevier, vol. 30(C), pages 100-109.
    2. George J. XANTHOS & Evangelos N. DULUFAKIS, 2023. "Measurement Approaches Of Regional Economic Resilience: A Literature Review," Regional Science Inquiry, Hellenic Association of Regional Scientists, vol. 0(2), pages 47-59, June.
    3. Jens Horbach & Markus Janser, 2016. "The role of innovation and agglomeration for employment growth in the environmental sector," Industry and Innovation, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 23(6), pages 488-511, August.
    4. Dimitrios Tsiotas & Serafeim Polyzos, 2018. "The Complexity in the Study of Spatial Networks: an Epistemological Approach," Networks and Spatial Economics, Springer, vol. 18(1), pages 1-32, March.
    5. Curl, Angela & Davison, Lisa, 2014. "Transport Geography: perspectives upon entering an accomplished research sub-discipline," Journal of Transport Geography, Elsevier, vol. 38(C), pages 100-105.
    6. Šveda, Martin & Madajová, Michala Sládeková, 2023. "Estimating distance decay of intra-urban trips using mobile phone data: The case of Bratislava, Slovakia," Journal of Transport Geography, Elsevier, vol. 107(C).
    7. Zhong, Shaopeng & Bushell, Max, 2017. "Built environment and potential job accessibility effects of road pricing: A spatial econometric perspective," Journal of Transport Geography, Elsevier, vol. 60(C), pages 98-109.
    8. Mohíno, Inmaculada & Ureña, José M. & Solís, Eloy, 2016. "Transport infrastructure and territorial cohesion in rural metro-adjacent regions: A multimodal accessibility approach. The case of Castilla-La Mancha in the context of Madrid (Spain)," Journal of Transport Geography, Elsevier, vol. 57(C), pages 115-133.
    9. Stéphanie Souche & Aurelie Mercier & Nicolas Ovtracht, 2016. "The impacts of urban pricing on social and spatial inequalities: The case study of Lyon (France)," Urban Studies, Urban Studies Journal Limited, vol. 53(2), pages 373-399, February.
    10. Iwona Bąk & Katarzyna Wawrzyniak & Maciej Oesterreich, 2022. "Competitiveness of the Regions of the European Union in a Sustainable Knowledge-Based Economy," Sustainability, MDPI, vol. 14(7), pages 1-22, March.
    11. Martín-Barroso, David & Núñez-Serrano, Juan A. & Velázquez, Francisco J., 2017. "Firm heterogeneity and the accessibility of manufacturing firms to labour markets," Journal of Transport Geography, Elsevier, vol. 60(C), pages 243-256.
    12. Martínez Sánchez-Mateos, Héctor S. & Sanz, Inmaculada Mohíno & Francés, José Mª Ureña & Trapero, Eloy Solís, 2014. "Road accessibility and articulation of metropolitan spatial structures: the case of Madrid (Spain)," Journal of Transport Geography, Elsevier, vol. 37(C), pages 61-73.
    13. Galvin, Raymond & Madlener, Reinhard, 2014. "Determinants of Commuter Trends and Implications for Indirect Rebound Effects: A Case Study of Germany’s Largest Federal State of NRW, 1994–2013," FCN Working Papers 9/2014, E.ON Energy Research Center, Future Energy Consumer Needs and Behavior (FCN).
    14. P. Nijkamp & A. Reggiani, 2012. "Did Zipf Anticipate Socio-Economic Spatial Networks?," Working Papers wp816, Dipartimento Scienze Economiche, Universita' di Bologna.
    15. Chiara Castelli & Angela Parenti, 2020. "Commuting in Europe: An Inter-regional Analysis on its Determinants and Spatial Effects," Working Papers 2020.19, Fondazione Eni Enrico Mattei.
    16. Thomas, T. & Tutert, S.I.A., 2013. "An empirical model for trip distribution of commuters in The Netherlands: transferability in time and space reconsidered," Journal of Transport Geography, Elsevier, vol. 26(C), pages 158-165.
    17. Portnov, Boris A. & Axhausen, Kay W. & Tschopp, Martin & Schwartz, Moshe, 2011. "Diminishing effects of location? Some evidence from Swiss municipalities, 1950–2000," Journal of Transport Geography, Elsevier, vol. 19(6), pages 1368-1378.
    18. Elias Giannakis & Christos T. Papadas, 2021. "Spatial Connectivity and Regional Economic Resilience in Turbulent Times," Sustainability, MDPI, vol. 13(20), pages 1-12, October.
    19. Beibei Guo & Jinchuan Ke, 2020. "The Impacts of High-speed Rail on Sustainable Economic Development: Evidence from the Central Part of China," Sustainability, MDPI, vol. 12(6), pages 1-19, March.
    20. Kyungtaek Kim & Junghoon Kim, 2020. "The Impact of High-Speed Railways on Unequal Accessibility Based on Ticket Prices in Korea," Sustainability, MDPI, vol. 12(16), pages 1-17, August.
    21. Guowei Lyu & Luca Bertolini & Karin Pfeffer, 2020. "Is Labour Productivity Higher in Transit Oriented Development Areas? A Study of Beijing," Tijdschrift voor Economische en Sociale Geografie, Royal Dutch Geographical Society KNAG, vol. 111(4), pages 652-670, September.
    22. Castelli, Chiara & Parenti, Angela, 2020. "Commuting in Europe: An Inter-regional Analysis on its Determinants and Spatial Effects," 2030 Agenda 307985, Fondazione Eni Enrico Mattei (FEEM).
    23. Stephan Brunow & Ramona Jost, 2023. "Being a long distance out-commuter or home employee in a rather peripheral region evidence of a German federal state," Review of Regional Research: Jahrbuch für Regionalwissenschaft, Springer;Gesellschaft für Regionalforschung (GfR), vol. 43(2), pages 317-342, August.
    24. Anette Haas & Liv Osland, 2014. "Commuting, Migration, Housing and Labour Markets: Complex Interactions," Urban Studies, Urban Studies Journal Limited, vol. 51(3), pages 463-476, February.
    25. Karst T. Geurs & Kevin J. Krizek & Aura Reggiani, 2012. "Accessibility analysis and transport planning: an introduction," Chapters, in: Karst T. Geurs & Kevin J. Krizek & Aura Reggiani (ed.), Accessibility Analysis and Transport Planning, chapter 1, pages 1-12, Edward Elgar Publishing.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Regional labour market; City Network; Accessibility; Commuting; German districts;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • J2 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor

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