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Knowledge Accessibility and Regional Economic Growth

Author

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  • Charlie Karlsson

    ()

  • Martin Andersson

    ()

  • Urban Grasjo

    ()

Abstract

This paper analyzes the role of knowledge accessibility in regional economic growth. The research question is the following: can the variation in knowledge accessibility between regions in a given period explain the variation in their growth performance in subsequent periods? As knowledge measures, we use company R&D, university R&D and patents. A main assumption in the paper is that knowledge accessibilities as a measure of knowledge potentials transform into potential knowledge flows. Our regression results indicate that the intra-municipal and intra-regional knowledge accessibilities of municipalities are significant and capable of explaining a significant share of the variation in growth of value added per employee between Swedish municipalities. However, the inter-regional knowledge accessibility of municipalities turned out to be insignificant. This is interpreted as a clear indication of spatial dependence in the sense that the knowledge resources in a given municipality tend to have a positive effect on the growth of another municipality, conditional on that the municipalities belongs to the same functional region. Thus, the results of the analysis indicate that knowledge flows transcend municipal borders, but that they tend to be bounded within functional regions. Also, the analysis shows that there is no remaining spatial correlation among the residuals of the spatial units (municipalities) when using accessibility measures in the model, which confirms that the spatial dependence is captured by the accessibility variables.

Suggested Citation

  • Charlie Karlsson & Martin Andersson & Urban Grasjo, 2006. "Knowledge Accessibility and Regional Economic Growth," ERSA conference papers ersa06p93, European Regional Science Association.
  • Handle: RePEc:wiw:wiwrsa:ersa06p93
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    Cited by:

    1. Johansson, Börje & Forslund, Ulla, 2005. "The Analysis of Location, Co-location and Urbanisation Economics," Working Paper Series in Economics and Institutions of Innovation 46, Royal Institute of Technology, CESIS - Centre of Excellence for Science and Innovation Studies.
    2. Giovanni Russo & Federico Tedeschi & Aura Reggiani & Peter Nijkamp, 2014. "Commuter Effects on Local Labour Markets: A German Modelling Study," Urban Studies, Urban Studies Journal Limited, vol. 51(3), pages 493-508, February.
    3. Alain Bonnafous & Yves Crozet & Aurélie Mercier & Nicolas Ovtracht & Valérie Thiebaut, 2009. "MOSART (MOdélisation et Simulation de l'Accessibilité aux Réseaux et aux Territoires) : un prototype d'outil d'aide à la décision, individuelle et collective pour une mobilité durable. Rapport final," Working Papers halshs-01707182, HAL.
    4. Cilem Hazir & Corinne Autant-Bernard, 2014. "Determinants of cross-regional R&D collaboration: some empirical evidence from Europe in biotechnology," The Annals of Regional Science, Springer;Western Regional Science Association, vol. 53(2), pages 369-393, September.
    5. Aura Reggiani & Pietro Bucci & Giovanni Russo & Anette Haas & Peter Nijkamp, 2011. "Regional Labour Markets and Job Accessibility in City Network Systems in Germany," Tinbergen Institute Discussion Papers 11-104/3, Tinbergen Institute.

    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • O10 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - General
    • O30 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Innovation; Research and Development; Technological Change; Intellectual Property Rights - - - General
    • O52 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economywide Country Studies - - - Europe
    • R11 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General Regional Economics - - - Regional Economic Activity: Growth, Development, Environmental Issues, and Changes

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