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Regional Knowledge Accessibility and Regional Economic Growth

Author

Listed:
  • Karlsson, Carlie

    () (Department of Economics, Jönlöping International Business School, Jönköping University)

  • Gråsjö, Urban

    (Department of Economics, Jönlöping International Business School, Jönköping University)

  • Andersson, Martin

    () (Department of Economics, Jönlöping International Business School, Jönköping University)

Abstract

Knowledge is maintained as a core variable for growth in a large set of contemporary theories. In this paper, we analyze the relationship between knowledge accessibility and regional growth. The knowledge resource used in our model R&D conducted at universities and in companies. A precise definition of accessibility was introduced and calculations were based on actual travel time distances. Using data at the municipality level in Sweden, the hypothesis that knowledge accessibility has a positive effect on growth cannot be rejected. The knowledge accessibility in a given period has a statistically significant effect on the growth in value-added per employee in subsequent periods. The total accessibility of a municipality was divided into three types, (i) intra-municipal accessibility, (ii) intra-regional accessibility and (iii) extra-regional accessibility. The paper has shown that this division gives a clear indication of that there is spatial dependence in the sense that the knowledge resources in a given municipality tend to have a positive effect on the growth of another municipality, conditional on that the municipalities belongs to the same functional region. Thus, the results of the analysis indicate that knowledge flows transcend municipal borders, but that they tend to be bounded within functional regions. The findings in the paper provide support for the theories that emphasize the role of knowledge for growth. However, the paper demonstrates that spatial proximity to knowledge resources is important to materialize the positive effect of such resources. Accessibility to knowledge in space is thus imperativ

Suggested Citation

  • Karlsson, Carlie & Gråsjö, Urban & Andersson, Martin, 2006. "Regional Knowledge Accessibility and Regional Economic Growth," Working Paper Series in Economics and Institutions of Innovation 66, Royal Institute of Technology, CESIS - Centre of Excellence for Science and Innovation Studies.
  • Handle: RePEc:hhs:cesisp:0066
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    Cited by:

    1. repec:eee:jotrge:v:19:y:2011:i:4:p:528-536 is not listed on IDEAS
    2. Benny Borgman & Pontus Braunerhjelm, 2010. "Entrepreneurship and Local Growth: A Comparison of the US and Sweden," Chapters,in: Entrepreneurship and Regional Development, chapter 4 Edward Elgar Publishing.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    knowledge; R&D; economic growth; accessibility; spatial; region; spillovers;

    JEL classification:

    • O30 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Innovation; Research and Development; Technological Change; Intellectual Property Rights - - - General
    • O40 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Growth and Aggregate Productivity - - - General
    • O52 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economywide Country Studies - - - Europe
    • R11 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General Regional Economics - - - Regional Economic Activity: Growth, Development, Environmental Issues, and Changes

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