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Scientific network centrality of European regions: the role of territorial resources

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  • Lorenzo Cassi

    (PSE - Paris School of Economics - ENPC - École des Ponts ParisTech - ENS Paris - École normale supérieure - Paris - PSL - Université Paris sciences et lettres - UP1 - Université Paris 1 Panthéon-Sorbonne - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique - EHESS - École des hautes études en sciences sociales - INRAE - Institut National de Recherche pour l’Agriculture, l’Alimentation et l’Environnement, PJSE - Paris Jourdan Sciences Economiques - UP1 - Université Paris 1 Panthéon-Sorbonne - ENS Paris - École normale supérieure - Paris - PSL - Université Paris sciences et lettres - EHESS - École des hautes études en sciences sociales - ENPC - École des Ponts ParisTech - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique - INRAE - Institut National de Recherche pour l’Agriculture, l’Alimentation et l’Environnement)

  • Emilie-Pauline Gallié

    (IGAENR)

  • Agénor Lahatte

    (HCERES - Haut Conseil de l'Evaluation de la Recherche et de l'Enseignement Supérieur)

  • Valérie Mérindol

    (PSB - Paris School of Business)

Abstract

This article provides an original framework for analyzing networks of scientific collaborations in Europe at regional level. Which are the determinants of the observed clustering phenomenon? Which is the role of the territories? The aim of this article is to provide empirical evidence in order to answer to these questions. For this, we base our analysis on scientific collaborations between European regions in eight different disciplines (e.g. Medicine, Chemistry...) over the period 2001-2011. A normalized centrality measurement is proposed. We test the impact of territorial resources and field scientific characteristics on regions centrality in each of the analyzed discipline. Firstly, the analysis highlights a strong heterogeneity between disciplines, showing the need of carrying out specific investigation for each of them. Second, the results show the different roles played by local resources, according to the disciplines. Finally, the article discusses the implications of these results in terms of science and innovation policies.

Suggested Citation

  • Lorenzo Cassi & Emilie-Pauline Gallié & Agénor Lahatte & Valérie Mérindol, 2018. "Scientific network centrality of European regions: the role of territorial resources," Post-Print halshs-01883908, HAL.
  • Handle: RePEc:hal:journl:halshs-01883908
    Note: View the original document on HAL open archive server: https://halshs.archives-ouvertes.fr/halshs-01883908
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Scientific network; European regions; Centrality; Territorial resources; Science and innovation policies;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • O3 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Innovation; Research and Development; Technological Change; Intellectual Property Rights
    • R5 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - Regional Government Analysis

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