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Seeing the "forest" or the "trees" of organizational justice: Effects of temporal perspective on employee concerns about unfair treatment at work

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  • Cojuharenco, Irina
  • Patient, David
  • Bashshur, Michael R.

Abstract

What events do employees recall or anticipate when they think of past or future unfair treatment at work? We propose that an employee's temporal perspective can change the salience of different types of injustice through its effect on cognitions about employment. Study 1 used a survey in which employee temporal focus was measured as an individual difference. Whereas greater levels of future focus related positively to concerns about distributive injustice, greater levels of present focus related positively to concerns about interactional injustice. In Study 2, an experimental design focused employee attention on timeframes that differed in temporal orientation and temporal distance. Whereas distributive injustice was more salient when future (versus past) orientation was induced, interactional injustice was more salient when past orientation was induced and at less temporal distance. Study 3 showed that the mechanism underlying the effect of employee temporal perspective is abstract versus concrete cognitions about employment.

Suggested Citation

  • Cojuharenco, Irina & Patient, David & Bashshur, Michael R., 2011. "Seeing the "forest" or the "trees" of organizational justice: Effects of temporal perspective on employee concerns about unfair treatment at work," Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes, Elsevier, vol. 116(1), pages 17-31, September.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:jobhdp:v:116:y:2011:i:1:p:17-31
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    5. Cohen-Charash, Yochi & Spector, Paul E., 2001. "The Role of Justice in Organizations: A Meta-Analysis," Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes, Elsevier, vol. 86(2), pages 278-321, November.
    6. Weiss, Howard M. & Rupp, Deborah E., 2011. "Experiencing Work: An Essay on a Person-Centric Work Psychology," Industrial and Organizational Psychology, Cambridge University Press, vol. 4(1), pages 83-97, March.
    7. Shipp, Abbie J. & Edwards, Jeffrey R. & Lambert, Lisa Schurer, 2009. "Conceptualization and measurement of temporal focus: The subjective experience of the past, present, and future," Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes, Elsevier, vol. 110(1), pages 1-22, September.
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Tessa Melkonian & Guillaume Soenen & Maureen Ambrose, 2016. "Will I Cooperate? The Moderating Role of Informational Distance on Justice Reasoning," Journal of Business Ethics, Springer, vol. 137(4), pages 663-675, September.
    2. Comerford, David A. & Ubel, Peter A., 2013. "Effort Aversion: Job choice and compensation decisions overweight effort," Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization, Elsevier, vol. 92(C), pages 152-162.
    3. James M. Vardaman & Shannon G. Taylor & David G. Allen & Maria B. Gondo & John M. Amis, 2015. "Translating Intentions to Behavior: The Interaction of Network Structure and Behavioral Intentions in Understanding Employee Turnover," Organization Science, INFORMS, vol. 26(4), pages 1177-1191, August.
    4. Zhongmin Wang & Xinlin Jing, 2018. "Job Satisfaction Among Immigrant Workers: A Review of Determinants," Social Indicators Research: An International and Interdisciplinary Journal for Quality-of-Life Measurement, Springer, vol. 139(1), pages 381-401, August.
    5. Natàlia Cugueró-Escofet & Marion Fortin & Miguel-Angel Canela, 2014. "Righting the Wrong for Third Parties: How Monetary Compensation, Procedure Changes and Apologies Can Restore Justice for Observers of Injustice," Journal of Business Ethics, Springer, vol. 122(2), pages 253-268, June.
    6. Marshall Schminke & Anke Arnaud & Regina Taylor, 2015. "Ethics, Values, and Organizational Justice: Individuals, Organizations, and Beyond," Journal of Business Ethics, Springer, vol. 130(3), pages 727-736, September.

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