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Social ties and economic development

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  • Anchorena, José
  • Anjos, Fernando

Abstract

We develop a parsimonious general equilibrium model where agents allocate time across three activities: production, trade, and leisure. Leisure includes time spent socializing, which economizes transaction costs. Our framework yields multiple equilibria in terms of the number of social ties and predicts that the number of social ties is positively associated with development. We calibrate our model using an empirical measure of country-level social ties and are able to quantitatively match the cross-country relationship between social ties and income per capita. Our calibration also captures additional dimensions of cross-country data: (i) increasing income inequality, but converging growth rates; (ii) an association between weak social ties and development; and (iii) an association between number of social ties and size of the transaction sector.

Suggested Citation

  • Anchorena, José & Anjos, Fernando, 2015. "Social ties and economic development," Journal of Macroeconomics, Elsevier, vol. 45(C), pages 63-84.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:jmacro:v:45:y:2015:i:c:p:63-84
    DOI: 10.1016/j.jmacro.2015.04.004
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    2. Argentiero, Amedeo & Cerqueti, Roy & Sabatini, Fabio, 2018. "Does social capital explain the Solow residual? A DSGE approach," MPRA Paper 87100, University Library of Munich, Germany.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Social capital; Development; Transaction costs; Networks;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • E1 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - General Aggregative Models
    • E2 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Consumption, Saving, Production, Employment, and Investment
    • O1 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development
    • O4 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Growth and Aggregate Productivity

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