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Sharing information in the credit market: Contract-level evidence from U.S. firms

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  • Doblas-Madrid, Antonio
  • Minetti, Raoul

Abstract

We investigate the impact of lenders' information sharing on firms' performance in the credit market using rich contract-level data from a U.S. credit bureau. The staggered entry of lenders into the bureau offers a natural experiment to identify the effect of lenders' improved access to information. Consistent with the predictions of Padilla and Pagano (1997, 2000) and Pagano and Jappelli (1993), we find that information sharing reduces contract delinquencies and defaults, especially when firms are informationally opaque. The results also reveal that information sharing does not reduce the use of guarantees, that is, it may not loosen lending standards.

Suggested Citation

  • Doblas-Madrid, Antonio & Minetti, Raoul, 2013. "Sharing information in the credit market: Contract-level evidence from U.S. firms," Journal of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 109(1), pages 198-223.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:jfinec:v:109:y:2013:i:1:p:198-223
    DOI: 10.1016/j.jfineco.2013.02.007
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    Cited by:

    1. Verónica Balzarotti & Alejandra Anastasi, 2013. "Does Competition for Novice Borrowers Hurt Access to Finance? An Analysis in a Context of High Risk and Low Outreach," Ensayos Económicos, Central Bank of Argentina, Economic Research Department, vol. 1(69), pages 101-149, December.
    2. Dierkes, Maik & Erner, Carsten & Langer, Thomas & Norden, Lars, 2013. "Business credit information sharing and default risk of private firms," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 37(8), pages 2867-2878.
    3. Artashes Karapetyan & Bogdan Stacescu, 2014. "Information Sharing and Information Acquisition in Credit Markets," Review of Finance, European Finance Association, vol. 18(4), pages 1583-1615.
    4. Cowan, Kevin & Drexler, Alejandro & Yañez, Álvaro, 2015. "The effect of credit guarantees on credit availability and delinquency rates," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 59(C), pages 98-110.
    5. Jin-Hyuk Kim & Liad Wagman, 2015. "Screening incentives and privacy protection in financial markets: a theoretical and empirical analysis," RAND Journal of Economics, RAND Corporation, vol. 46(1), pages 1-22, March.
    6. repec:oup:rfinst:v:30:y:2017:i:9:p:3269-3304. is not listed on IDEAS
    7. Alessandro Giovannini & Maurizio Iacopetta & Raoul Minetti, 2013. "Financial Markets, Banks, and Growth : Disentangling the links," Revue de l'OFCE, Presses de Sciences-Po, vol. 0(5), pages 105-147.
    8. repec:eee:riibaf:v:42:y:2017:i:c:p:1123-1136 is not listed on IDEAS
    9. Gietzen, Thomas, 2017. "Credit Scoring vs. Expert Judgment – A Randomized Controlled Trial," Working Papers on Finance 1709, University of St. Gallen, School of Finance.
    10. Kalyvas, Antonios Nikolaos & Mamatzakis, Emmanuel, 2017. "Do creditor rights and information sharing affect the performance of foreign banks?," Journal of International Financial Markets, Institutions and Money, Elsevier, vol. 50(C), pages 13-35.
    11. Baah Aye Kusi & Elikplimi Komla Agbloyor & Vera Ogeh Fiador & Kofi Achampong Osei, 2016. "Does Information Sharing Promote or Detract from Bank Returns: Evidence from Ghana," African Development Review, African Development Bank, vol. 28(3), pages 332-343, September.
    12. Jamal Ibrahim Haidar & Takeo Hoshi, "undated". "Implementing Structural Reforms in Abenomics: How to Reduce the Cost of Doing Business in Japan," Working Paper 316046, Harvard University OpenScholar.
    13. Mariassunta Giannetti & José María Liberti & Jason Sturgess, 2017. "Information Sharing and Rating Manipulation," Review of Financial Studies, Society for Financial Studies, vol. 30(9), pages 3269-3304.
    14. Francesca Bartoli & Giovanni Ferri & Pierluigi Murro & Zeno Rotondi, 2014. "Bank support and export: evidence from small Italian firms," Small Business Economics, Springer, vol. 42(2), pages 245-264, February.
    15. Brown, Martin & Degryse, Hans & Höwer, Daniel & Penas, María Fabiana, 2012. "How do banks screen innovative firms? Evidence from start-up panel data," ZEW Discussion Papers 12-032, ZEW - Zentrum für Europäische Wirtschaftsforschung / Center for European Economic Research.
    16. Kalyvas, Antonios Nikolaos & Mamatzakis, Emmanuel, 2014. "Does business regulation matter for banks in the European Union?," Journal of International Financial Markets, Institutions and Money, Elsevier, vol. 32(C), pages 278-324.
    17. Karapetyan, Artashes & Stacescu, Bogdan, 2014. "Does information sharing reduce the role of collateral as a screening device?," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 43(C), pages 48-57.
    18. Maik Dierkes & Carsten Erner & Thomas Langer & Lars Norden, 2012. "Business credit information sharing and default risk of private firms," Mo.Fi.R. Working Papers 64, Money and Finance Research group (Mo.Fi.R.) - Univ. Politecnica Marche - Dept. Economic and Social Sciences.
    19. repec:bcr:wpaper:201462 is not listed on IDEAS
    20. Wahyoe Soedarmono & Romora Edward Sitorus & Amine Tarazi, 2015. "Bank charter value, systemic risk and credit reporting systems: Evidence from the Asia-Pacific region," Working Papers hal-01174111, HAL.
    21. repec:eee:corfin:v:47:y:2017:i:c:p:191-218 is not listed on IDEAS
    22. Degl’Innocenti, Marta & Girardone, Claudia & Torluccio, Giuseppe, 2014. "Diversification, multimarket contacts and profits in the leasing industry," Journal of International Financial Markets, Institutions and Money, Elsevier, vol. 31(C), pages 231-252.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Information asymmetries; Credit contracts; Credit bureaus;

    JEL classification:

    • D82 - Microeconomics - - Information, Knowledge, and Uncertainty - - - Asymmetric and Private Information; Mechanism Design
    • G21 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Banks; Other Depository Institutions; Micro Finance Institutions; Mortgages

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