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The Emergence of Information Sharing in Credit Markets

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  • Martin Brown
  • Christian Zehnder

Abstract

We examine how asymmetric information and competition in the credit market affect voluntary information sharing between lenders. We study an experimental credit market in which information sharing can help lenders to distinguish good borrowers from bad ones, because borrowers may exogenously switch locations. Lenders, however, are also engaged in spatial competition, and lose market power by sharing information with close competitors. Our results suggest that more asymmetric information in the credit market increases information sharing behavior significantly. Stronger competition between lenders reduces information sharing, but its impact seems to be only of second order importance.

Suggested Citation

  • Martin Brown & Christian Zehnder, 2007. "The Emergence of Information Sharing in Credit Markets," IEW - Working Papers 317, Institute for Empirical Research in Economics - University of Zurich.
  • Handle: RePEc:zur:iewwpx:317
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Pagano, Marco & Jappelli, Tullio, 1993. " Information Sharing in Credit Markets," Journal of Finance, American Finance Association, vol. 48(5), pages 1693-1718, December.
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    10. Luoto, Jill & McIntosh, Craig & Wydick, Bruce, 2007. "Credit Information Systems in Less Developed Countries: A Test with Microfinance in Guatemala," Economic Development and Cultural Change, University of Chicago Press, vol. 55(2), pages 313-334, January.
    11. Padilla, A. Jorge & Pagano, Marco, 2000. "Sharing default information as a borrower discipline device," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 44(10), pages 1951-1980, December.
    12. Alberto Bennardo & Marco Pagano & Salvatore Piccolo, 2015. "Multiple Bank Lending, Creditor Rights, and Information Sharing," Review of Finance, European Finance Association, vol. 19(2), pages 519-570.
    13. Claessens, Stijn & Laeven, Luc, 2004. "What Drives Bank Competition? Some International Evidence," Journal of Money, Credit and Banking, Blackwell Publishing, vol. 36(3), pages 563-583, June.
    14. Inessa Love & Nataliya Mylenko, 2003. "Credit reporting and financing constraints," Policy Research Working Paper Series 3142, The World Bank.
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    19. Powell, Andrew & Mylenko, Nataliya & Miller, Margaret & Majnoni, Giovanni, 2004. "Improving credit information, bank regulation, and supervision : on the role and design of public credit registries," Policy Research Working Paper Series 3443, The World Bank.
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    Cited by:

    1. Agyenim Boateng & Simplice Asongu & Raphael Akamavi & Vanessa Tchamyou, 2016. "Information Asymmetry and Market Power in the African Banking Industry," Working Papers 16/032, African Governance and Development Institute..
    2. J. Reiß & Irenaeus Wolff, 2014. "Incentive effects of funding contracts: an experiment," Experimental Economics, Springer;Economic Science Association, vol. 17(4), pages 586-614, December.
    3. Giorgia Barboni & Tania Treibich, 2013. "First Time Lucky? An Experiment on Single versus Multiple Bank Lending Relationships," GREDEG Working Papers 2013-28, Groupe de REcherche en Droit, Economie, Gestion (GREDEG CNRS), University of Nice Sophia Antipolis.
    4. repec:eee:jeborg:v:145:y:2018:i:c:p:495-510 is not listed on IDEAS
    5. Trautmann, Stefan T. & Vlahu, Razvan, 2013. "Strategic loan defaults and coordination: An experimental analysis," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 37(3), pages 747-760.
    6. McIntosh, Craig & Sadoulet, Elisabeth & Buck, Steven & Rosada, Tomas, 2013. "Reputation in a public goods game: Taking the design of credit bureaus to the lab," Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization, Elsevier, vol. 95(C), pages 270-285.
    7. Jappelli Tullio & Pagano Marco & Di Maggio Marco, 2013. "Households' indebtedness and financial fragility," Journal of Financial Management, Markets and Institutions, Società editrice il Mulino, issue 1, pages 23-46, January.
    8. Huck, Steffen & Lünser, Gabriele K. & Tyran, Jean-Robert, 2012. "Competition fosters trust," Games and Economic Behavior, Elsevier, vol. 76(1), pages 195-209.
    9. Brown, Martin & Trautmann, Stefan T. & Vlahu, Razvan, 2012. "Contagious Bank Runs: Experimental Evidence," Working Papers on Finance 1207, University of St. Gallen, School of Finance.
    10. Asongu, Simplice & Le Roux, Sara & Tchamyou, Vanessa, 2016. "Essential Information Sharing Thresholds for Reducing Market Power in Financial Access: A Study of the African Banking Industry," MPRA Paper 76120, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    11. de Haas, R.T.A. & Bos, J. & Millone, Matteo, 2015. "Show me Yours and I'll Show you Mine : Sharing Borrower Information in a Competitive Credit Market," Discussion Paper 2015-027, Tilburg University, Center for Economic Research.
    12. Vigneron, Ludovic & Hajj Chehade, Hiba, 2013. "Structuration du pool bancaire de la PME : une revue de la littérature
      [Structuring SMEs' banks relationships: a review]
      ," MPRA Paper 50498, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    13. Adil EL Fakir & Mohamed Tkiouat, 2016. "Single or Menu Contracting: A Game Theory Application of the Hersanyi Model to Mudaraba Financing," International Journal of Economics and Financial Issues, Econjournals, vol. 6(1), pages 221-230.
    14. repec:mul:jdp901:doi:10.12831/73631:y:2013:i:1:p:26-35 is not listed on IDEAS
    15. Brown, Martin & Trautmann, Stefan T. & Vlahu, Razvan, 2014. "Understanding bank-run contagion," Working Paper Series 1711, European Central Bank.
    16. repec:ecr:col070:41253 is not listed on IDEAS
    17. Doblas-Madrid, Antonio & Minetti, Raoul, 2013. "Sharing information in the credit market: Contract-level evidence from U.S. firms," Journal of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 109(1), pages 198-223.
    18. Giorgia Barboni & Tania Treibich, 2012. "(Just) first time lucky ?the impact of single versus multiple bank lending relationships on firms and banks'behavior," Documents de Travail de l'OFCE 2012-26, Observatoire Francais des Conjonctures Economiques (OFCE).
    19. Bruhn, Miriam & Farazi, Subika & Kanz, Martin, 2013. "Bank competition, concentration, and credit reporting," Policy Research Working Paper Series 6442, The World Bank.
    20. Artashes Karapetyan & Bogdan Stacescu, 2012. "Does information sharing reduce the role of collateral as a screening device?," Working Paper 2012/19, Norges Bank.
    21. repec:spr:fininn:v:1:y:2015:i:1:d:10.1186_s40854-015-0005-6 is not listed on IDEAS

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Credit Market; Information Sharing; Spatial Competition; Adverse Selection;

    JEL classification:

    • C92 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Design of Experiments - - - Laboratory, Group Behavior
    • G21 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Banks; Other Depository Institutions; Micro Finance Institutions; Mortgages
    • D82 - Microeconomics - - Information, Knowledge, and Uncertainty - - - Asymmetric and Private Information; Mechanism Design

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