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Clusters, knowledge spillovers and new venture performance: An empirical examination

  • Gilbert, Brett Anitra
  • McDougall, Patricia P.
  • Audretsch, David B.

Firms in geographic regions with industry clustering have been hypothesized to possess performance advantages due to superior access to knowledge spillovers. Yet, no prior studies have directly examined the relationship between a firm's location within a cluster, knowledge spillovers and firm performance. In this study, we examine whether technological spillovers explain the performance of new ventures in cluster regions. We find that ventures located within geographic clusters absorb more knowledge from the local environment and have higher growth and innovation performance, but contrary to conventional wisdom, technological spillovers are not the contributing cause of higher performance observed for these firms.

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Article provided by Elsevier in its journal Journal of Business Venturing.

Volume (Year): 23 (2008)
Issue (Month): 4 (July)
Pages: 405-422

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Handle: RePEc:eee:jbvent:v:23:y:2008:i:4:p:405-422
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