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Clusters, knowledge spillovers and new venture performance: An empirical examination

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  • Gilbert, Brett Anitra
  • McDougall, Patricia P.
  • Audretsch, David B.

Abstract

Firms in geographic regions with industry clustering have been hypothesized to possess performance advantages due to superior access to knowledge spillovers. Yet, no prior studies have directly examined the relationship between a firm's location within a cluster, knowledge spillovers and firm performance. In this study, we examine whether technological spillovers explain the performance of new ventures in cluster regions. We find that ventures located within geographic clusters absorb more knowledge from the local environment and have higher growth and innovation performance, but contrary to conventional wisdom, technological spillovers are not the contributing cause of higher performance observed for these firms.

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  • Gilbert, Brett Anitra & McDougall, Patricia P. & Audretsch, David B., 2008. "Clusters, knowledge spillovers and new venture performance: An empirical examination," Journal of Business Venturing, Elsevier, vol. 23(4), pages 405-422, July.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:jbvent:v:23:y:2008:i:4:p:405-422
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    References listed on IDEAS

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