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Multi-step-ahead estimation of time series models

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  • McElroy, Tucker
  • Wildi, Marc

Abstract

We study the fitting of time series models via the minimization of a multi-step-ahead forecast error criterion that is based on the asymptotic average of squared forecast errors. Our objective function uses frequency domain concepts, but is formulated in the time domain, and allows the estimation of all linear processes (e.g., ARIMA and component ARIMA). By using an asymptotic form of the forecast mean squared error, we obtain a well-defined nonlinear function of the parameters that is proven to be minimized at the true parameter vector when the model is correctly specified. We derive the statistical properties of the parameter estimates, and study the asymptotic impact of model misspecification on multi-step-ahead forecasting. The method is illustrated through a forecasting exercise, applied to several time series.

Suggested Citation

  • McElroy, Tucker & Wildi, Marc, 2013. "Multi-step-ahead estimation of time series models," International Journal of Forecasting, Elsevier, vol. 29(3), pages 378-394.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:intfor:v:29:y:2013:i:3:p:378-394
    DOI: 10.1016/j.ijforecast.2012.08.003
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Proietti, Tommaso, 2011. "Direct and iterated multistep AR methods for difference stationary processes," International Journal of Forecasting, Elsevier, vol. 27(2), pages 266-280.
    2. Gersch, Will & Kitagawa, Genshiro, 1983. "The Prediction of Time Series with Trends and Seasonalities," Journal of Business & Economic Statistics, American Statistical Association, vol. 1(3), pages 253-264, July.
    3. Marcellino, Massimiliano & Stock, James H. & Watson, Mark W., 2006. "A comparison of direct and iterated multistep AR methods for forecasting macroeconomic time series," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 135(1-2), pages 499-526.
    4. Tucker McElroy, 2008. "Exact formulas for the Hodrick-Prescott filter," Econometrics Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 11(1), pages 209-217, March.
    5. Diebold, Francis X & Mariano, Roberto S, 2002. "Comparing Predictive Accuracy," Journal of Business & Economic Statistics, American Statistical Association, vol. 20(1), pages 134-144, January.
    6. Stock, James H. & Watson, Mark W., 1999. "Forecasting inflation," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 44(2), pages 293-335, October.
    7. Findley, David F. & Potscher, Benedikt M. & Wei, Ching-Zong, 2004. "Modeling of time series arrays by multistep prediction or likelihood methods," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 118(1-2), pages 151-187.
    8. McElroy, Tucker, 2008. "Matrix Formulas For Nonstationary Arima Signal Extraction," Econometric Theory, Cambridge University Press, vol. 24(04), pages 988-1009, August.
    9. McElroy, Tucker & Holan, Scott, 2009. "A local spectral approach for assessing time series model misspecification," Journal of Multivariate Analysis, Elsevier, vol. 100(4), pages 604-621, April.
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    Cited by:

    1. repec:spr:lifeda:v:24:y:2018:i:2:d:10.1007_s10985-017-9394-3 is not listed on IDEAS
    2. Wildi, Marc, 2010. "Real-Time Signal Extraction: a Shift of Perspective/Extracción de señal en tiempo real: un cambio de perspectiva," Estudios de Economía Aplicada, Estudios de Economía Aplicada, vol. 28, pages 497-518, Diciembre.
    3. Wildi Marc & McElroy Tucker, 2016. "Optimal Real-Time Filters for Linear Prediction Problems," Journal of Time Series Econometrics, De Gruyter, vol. 8(2), pages 155-192, July.
    4. Chevillon, Guillaume, 2016. "Multistep forecasting in the presence of location shifts," International Journal of Forecasting, Elsevier, vol. 32(1), pages 121-137.
    5. Shahedul A. Khan, 0. "Exponentiated Weibull regression for time-to-event data," Lifetime Data Analysis: An International Journal Devoted to Statistical Methods and Applications for Time-to-Event Data, Springer, vol. 0, pages 1-27.

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