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Does corporate governance risk at home affect investment choices abroad?

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  • Kim, Woochan
  • Sung, Taeyoon
  • Wei, Shang-Jin

Abstract

Disparity between control and ownership rights gives rise to the risk of tunneling by the controlling shareholder, and is prevalent in many emerging market economies and present in some developed countries. At the same time, international investors come from different countries whose home markets are characterized by varying degrees of controlâownership disparity. This paper studies whether this difference in investors' home countries affects their portfolio choice in an emerging market. It combines two unique data sets on ownership and control in business groups, and investor-stock level foreign investment in Korea. A key finding is that investors from low-disparity countries disfavor high-disparity stocks in Korea, but investors from high-disparity countries are indifferent. Moreover, investors from low-disparity countries became averse to disparity only after the Asian financial crisis. These results suggest that the nature of corporate governance in international investors' home countries affects their portfolio choice abroad, and therefore these investors should not be lumped together in the analyses of their portfolio choice.

Suggested Citation

  • Kim, Woochan & Sung, Taeyoon & Wei, Shang-Jin, 2011. "Does corporate governance risk at home affect investment choices abroad?," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 85(1), pages 25-41, September.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:inecon:v:85:y:2011:i:1:p:25-41
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    2. Lee, Youkyoung & Cho, Myeonghyeon, 2016. "Does control-ownership disparity matter to foreign investors in Korea?," International Review of Economics & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 44(C), pages 219-231.
    3. Fabian J. Baier & Paul J. J. Welfens, 2019. "The UK’s banking FDI flows and Total British FDI: a dynamic BREXIT analysis," International Economics and Economic Policy, Springer, vol. 16(1), pages 193-213, March.
    4. Okawa, Yohei & van Wincoop, Eric, 2012. "Gravity in International Finance," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 87(2), pages 205-215.
    5. Boubaker, Sabri & Derouiche, Imen & Lasfer, Meziane, 2015. "Geographic location, excess control rights, and cash holdings," International Review of Financial Analysis, Elsevier, vol. 42(C), pages 24-37.
    6. Dang, Man & Henry, Darren & Yin, Xiangkang & Vo, Thuy Anh, 2018. "Target corporate governance, acquirers' location choices, and partial acquisitions," Pacific-Basin Finance Journal, Elsevier, vol. 50(C), pages 82-104.
    7. Habib, Maurizio Michael & Floreani, Vincent Arthur, 2015. "Financial exposure to the euro area before and after the crisis: home bias and institutions at home," Working Paper Series 1799, European Central Bank.
    8. Mishra, Anil V., 2013. "Foreign ownership in Australian firms," Research in International Business and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 28(C), pages 1-18.
    9. Forbes, Kristin J., 2010. "Why do foreigners invest in the United States?," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 80(1), pages 3-21, January.
    10. Fernandes, Nuno & Giannetti, Mariassunta, 2014. "On the fortunes of stock exchanges and their reversals: Evidence from foreign listings," Journal of Financial Intermediation, Elsevier, vol. 23(2), pages 157-176.
    11. Massa, Massimo & Žaldokas, Alminas, 2014. "Investor base and corporate borrowing: Evidence from international bonds," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 92(1), pages 95-110.
    12. repec:ecb:ecbwps:20141799 is not listed on IDEAS
    13. Kim, Woochan & Sung, Taeyoon & Wei, Shang-Jin, 2017. "The diffusion of corporate governance to emerging markets: Evaluating two dimensions of investor heterogeneity," Journal of International Money and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 70(C), pages 406-432.
    14. Taeyoon Sung & Danbee Park & Ki Young Park, 2014. "Short-Term External Debt and Foreign Exchange Rate Volatility in Emerging Economies: Evidence from the Korea Market," Emerging Markets Finance and Trade, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 50(S6), pages 138-157, November.
    15. Cheolbeom Park & Dong-hun Shin, 2014. "Stock Market Predictability: Global Evidence and an Explanation," Discussion Paper Series 1405, Institute of Economic Research, Korea University.
    16. Photis Lysandrou & Offiong Helen Solomon & Thomas Goda, 2016. "The Differential Impact of Public and Private Governance Institutions on the Different Modes of Foreign Investment," International Review of Applied Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 30(6), pages 729-746, November.
    17. Pinar Sener, 2019. "Foreign investors' preferences for family involvement and corporate governance: evidence from Turkey," Economics Bulletin, AccessEcon, vol. 39(1), pages 237-246.

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