Fair wages, unemployment and technological change in a global economy
This chapter analyzes the effects of global and national technological change on employment and relative wages in an integrated two-country world (“Europe” and “America”), where both countries are characterized by equilibrium unemployment due to fair wage constraints. The asymmetry between the countries arises from country-specific preferences towards wage inequality, with Europe’s preferences being more egalitarian. Furthermore, we look at integration between this two-country world and a third country (“low wage sout”). We derive an analytical tool, the Virtual Integrated Equilibrium, that allows us to adapt Dixit and Norman’s Integrated Equilibrium approach to a situation where both countries have endogenous unemployment levels.
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