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Factor Market Linkages in a Global Economy

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  • Paul Oslington

Abstract

This paper considers linkages between national labour markets in a global economy, extending the existing analyses to the empirically important case where factor price equalization does not hold. Removing the assumption of factor price equalization allows the divergent wage experience as well as unemployment experience of Europe and America to be explained. Europe`s minimum wage forces it out of the labour intensive industry, leaving it specialised in the skill intensive industry, and with a lower return to skill than America. Under these conditions the entry of labour intensive NICs into world markets pushes down American wages and alters its economic structure (which were unchanged under factor price equalization), and reduces European unemployment (which increased under factor price equalization).

Suggested Citation

  • Paul Oslington, 2000. "Factor Market Linkages in a Global Economy," Economics Series Working Papers 38, University of Oxford, Department of Economics.
  • Handle: RePEc:oxf:wpaper:38
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    File URL: http://www.economics.ox.ac.uk/materials/working_papers/paper038.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Davis, Donald R., 1998. "Technology, unemployment, and relative wages in a global economy," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 42(9), pages 1613-1633, November.
    2. Paul Krugman, 1995. "Growing World Trade: Causes and Consequences," Brookings Papers on Economic Activity, Economic Studies Program, The Brookings Institution, vol. 26(1, 25th A), pages 327-377.
    3. Davis, Donald R, 1998. "Does European Unemployment Prop Up American Wages? National Labor Markets and Global Trade," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 88(3), pages 478-494, June.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Joël Hellier, 2012. "The North-South HOS Model, inequality and globalization," Working Papers 244, ECINEQ, Society for the Study of Economic Inequality.
    2. Udo Kreickemeier & Douglas Nelson, 2017. "Fair Wages, Unemployment, and Technological Change in a Global Economy," World Scientific Book Chapters,in: International Trade and Labor Markets Welfare, Inequality and Unemployment, chapter 8, pages 205-235 World Scientific Publishing Co. Pte. Ltd..
    3. Nathalie Chusseau & Joël Hellier, 2012. "Globalisation and Inequality: Where do we stand?," Journal of Income Distribution, Journal of Income Distribution, vol. 21(3-4), pages 7-34, November.
    4. Alfred Sitz & Friedrich Sindermann, 2009. "Unemployment and International Trade: The Effects of Minimum Wages and Non-Traded Goods in Models representing Western Industrialized Countries and China (in German)," FIW Working Paper series 024, FIW.
    5. A. B. Atkinson, 2003. "Income Inequality in OECD Countries: Data and Explanations," CESifo Economic Studies, CESifo, vol. 49(4), pages 479-513.
    6. Braun Sebastian, 2010. "Foreign Competition, Multinational Firms, and One-Sided Wage Rigidity," Global Economy Journal, De Gruyter, vol. 10(2), pages 1-30, May.
    7. Sebastian Braun, 2007. "Foreign Competition, Multinational Firms, and the Effects of One-Sided Wage Rigidity," JEPS Working Papers 07-003, JEPS.
    8. Michael Koch, 2016. "Skills, Tasks and the Scarcity of Talent in a Global Economy," Review of International Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 24(3), pages 536-563, August.
    9. Paul Oslington & Isaac Towers, 2010. "Trade, Migration, and Inequality in a World without Factor Price Equalization," Review of International Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 18(4), pages 650-662, September.
    10. Hartmut Egger & Frode Meland, 2011. "Product and Labor Market Deregulation in Unionized Oligopoly with Asymmetric Countries," CESifo Working Paper Series 3611, CESifo Group Munich.
    11. Joël Hellier, 2012. "North-South Globalization and Inequality," Working Papers 273, ECINEQ, Society for the Study of Economic Inequality.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    integrated equilibrium; factor price equalization; inequality; unemployment;

    JEL classification:

    • F11 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Neoclassical Models of Trade
    • E24 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Consumption, Saving, Production, Employment, and Investment - - - Employment; Unemployment; Wages; Intergenerational Income Distribution; Aggregate Human Capital; Aggregate Labor Productivity

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