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Strategic trading by index funds and liquidity provision around S&P 500 index additions

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  • Green, T. Clifton
  • Jame, Russell

Abstract

We examine the trades of index funds and other institutions around S&P 500 index additions. We find index funds begin rebalancing their portfolios with the announcement of composition changes and do not fully establish their positions until weeks after the effective date. Trading away from the effective date is more prevalent for stocks with lower levels of liquidity and among large index funds, which is consistent with index funds accepting higher tracking error in order to reduce the price impact of their trades. Small and mid-cap funds provide liquidity to index funds around additions, and added stocks with a greater proportion of these natural liquidity providers experience lower inclusion returns.

Suggested Citation

  • Green, T. Clifton & Jame, Russell, 2011. "Strategic trading by index funds and liquidity provision around S&P 500 index additions," Journal of Financial Markets, Elsevier, vol. 14(4), pages 605-624, November.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:finmar:v:14:y:2011:i:4:p:605-624
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. repec:eee:jbfina:v:88:y:2018:i:c:p:1-14 is not listed on IDEAS
    2. Gonul Colak, 2012. "IPO characteristics of index firms," Managerial Finance, Emerald Group Publishing, vol. 38(12), pages 1134-1159, October.
    3. Chen, Haiwei & Ngo, Thanh, 2017. "Leverage-based index revisions: The case of Dow Jones Islamic Market World Index," Global Finance Journal, Elsevier, vol. 32(C), pages 16-34.
    4. Ruoyun (Lucy) Zhao & C Schmidt & C Terry, 2016. "Index effects: Evidence from Australia," Published Paper Series 2016-2, Finance Discipline Group, UTS Business School, University of Technology, Sydney.
    5. Lajbcygier, Paul & Sojka, Jeremy, 2015. "The viability of alternative indexation when including all costs," International Review of Financial Analysis, Elsevier, vol. 38(C), pages 109-141.
    6. Cici, Gjergji & Dahm, Laura K. & Kempf, Alexander, 2014. "Trading efficiency of fund families: Impact on fund performance and investment behavior," CFR Working Papers 14-14, University of Cologne, Centre for Financial Research (CFR).
    7. Green, T. Clifton & Jame, Russell & Markov, Stanimir & Subasi, Musa, 2014. "Broker-hosted investor conferences," Journal of Accounting and Economics, Elsevier, vol. 58(1), pages 142-166.

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