New Evidence on Stock Price Effects Associated with Changes in the S&P 500 Index
Since October 1989, Standard and Poor's has (when possible) announced changes in the composition of the S&P 500 index one week in advance. Because index funds hold S&P 500 stocks to minimize tracking error, index composition changes since this date provide an opportunity to examine the market reaction to an anticipated change in the demand for a stock. Using post-October 1989 data, the authors document significantly positive (negative) postannouncement abnormal returns that are only partially reversed following additions (deletions). These results indicate the existence of temporary price pressing and downward-sloping long-run demand curves for stocks and represent a violation of market efficiency. Copyright 1997 by University of Chicago Press.
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