Conditional VaR using EVT - Towards a planned margin scheme
This paper constructs a robust Value-at-Risk (VaR) measure for the Indian stock markets by combining two well-known facts about equity return time series -- dynamic volatility resulting in the well-recognized phenomenon of volatility clustering, and non-normality giving rise to fat tails of the return distribution. While the phenomenon of volatility dynamics has been extensively studied using GARCH model and its many relatives, the application of Extreme Value Theory (EVT) is relatively recent in tracking extreme losses in the study of risk measurement. There are recent applications of Extreme Value Theory to estimate the unexpected losses due to extreme events and hence modify the current methodology of VaR. Extreme value theory (EVT) has been used to analyze financial data showing clear non-normal behavior. We combine the two methodologies to come up with a robust model with much enhanced predictive abilities. A robust model would obviate the need for imposing special ad hoc margins by the regulator in times of extreme volatility. A rule based margin system would increase efficiency of the price discovery process and also the market integrity with the regulator no longer seen as managing volatility.
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