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Investigation on combustion performance and emission characteristics of a DI (direct injection) diesel engine fueled with biogas–diesel in dual fuel mode


  • Barik, Debabrata
  • Murugan, S.


In this research work, biogas was produced by the anaerobic digestion of non-edible de-oiled cakes obtained from oil crushing units. Further, the biogas was used as an alternative gaseous fuel in a DI (direct injection) diesel engine, in the dual fuel mode. Diesel was used as an injected fuel and biogas was inducted through the intake manifold, at four different flow rates, viz., 0.3 kg/h, 0.6 kg/h, 0.9 kg/h and 1.2 kg/h, along with the air. The combustion, performance and emission characteristics of the engine in the dual fuel operation were experimentally analyzed, and compared with those of diesel operation. The results indicated that, the biogas inducted at a flow rate of 0.9 kg/h was found to give a better performance and lower emission, than that of the other flow rates. The ignition delay in the dual fuel operation is found to be longer than that of diesel throughout the load spectrum. The cylinder peak pressure in the dual fuel operation is found to be overall higher by about 11 bar than that of diesel operation. The NO (nitric oxide) and smoke emissions in the dual fuel operation are found to be lower overall by about 39% and 49%, compared to that of diesel operation.

Suggested Citation

  • Barik, Debabrata & Murugan, S., 2014. "Investigation on combustion performance and emission characteristics of a DI (direct injection) diesel engine fueled with biogas–diesel in dual fuel mode," Energy, Elsevier, vol. 72(C), pages 760-771.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:energy:v:72:y:2014:i:c:p:760-771
    DOI: 10.1016/

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    Cited by:

    1. Kozarac, Darko & Taritas, Ivan & Vuilleumier, David & Saxena, Samveg & Dibble, Robert W., 2016. "Experimental and numerical analysis of the performance and exhaust gas emissions of a biogas/n-heptane fueled HCCI engine," Energy, Elsevier, vol. 115(P1), pages 180-193.
    2. Colmenar-Santos, Antonio & Zarzuelo-Puch, Gloria & Borge-Diez, David & García-Diéguez, Concepción, 2016. "Thermodynamic and exergoeconomic analysis of energy recovery system of biogas from a wastewater treatment plant and use in a Stirling engine," Renewable Energy, Elsevier, vol. 88(C), pages 171-184.
    3. Chintala, V. & Subramanian, K.A., 2015. "Experimental investigations on effect of different compression ratios on enhancement of maximum hydrogen energy share in a compression ignition engine under dual-fuel mode," Energy, Elsevier, vol. 87(C), pages 448-462.
    4. Bora, Bhaskor J. & Saha, Ujjwal K., 2015. "Comparative assessment of a biogas run dual fuel diesel engine with rice bran oil methyl ester, pongamia oil methyl ester and palm oil methyl ester as pilot fuels," Renewable Energy, Elsevier, vol. 81(C), pages 490-498.
    5. repec:eee:rensus:v:82:y:2018:i:p3:p:3333-3349 is not listed on IDEAS
    6. Hernández, J.J. & Lapuerta, M. & Barba, J., 2015. "Effect of partial replacement of diesel or biodiesel with gas from biomass gasification in a diesel engine," Energy, Elsevier, vol. 89(C), pages 148-157.
    7. repec:eee:energy:v:152:y:2018:i:c:p:303-312 is not listed on IDEAS
    8. Budzianowski, Wojciech M., 2016. "A review of potential innovations for production, conditioning and utilization of biogas with multiple-criteria assessment," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 54(C), pages 1148-1171.
    9. Barik, Debabrata & Murugan, S. & Sivaram, N.M. & Baburaj, E. & Shanmuga Sundaram, P., 2017. "Experimental investigation on the behavior of a direct injection diesel engine fueled with Karanja methyl ester-biogas dual fuel at different injection timings," Energy, Elsevier, vol. 118(C), pages 127-138.
    10. Bora, Bhaskor J. & Saha, Ujjwal K., 2016. "Experimental evaluation of a rice bran biodiesel – biogas run dual fuel diesel engine at varying compression ratios," Renewable Energy, Elsevier, vol. 87(P1), pages 782-790.
    11. Talibi, Midhat & Hellier, Paul & Ladommatos, Nicos, 2017. "Combustion and exhaust emission characteristics, and in-cylinder gas composition, of hydrogen enriched biogas mixtures in a diesel engine," Energy, Elsevier, vol. 124(C), pages 397-412.
    12. repec:eee:rensus:v:81:y:2018:i:p1:p:45-61 is not listed on IDEAS
    13. repec:eee:energy:v:141:y:2017:i:c:p:1819-1828 is not listed on IDEAS
    14. Wei, Lijiang & Yao, Chunde & Han, Guopeng & Pan, Wang, 2016. "Effects of methanol to diesel ratio and diesel injection timing on combustion, performance and emissions of a methanol port premixed diesel engine," Energy, Elsevier, vol. 95(C), pages 223-232.
    15. Wang, Ying & Liu, Hong & Huang, Zhiyong & Liu, Zhensheng, 2016. "Study on combustion and emission of a dimethyl ether-diesel dual-fuel premixed charge compression ignition combustion engine with LPG (liquefied petroleum gas) as ignition inhibitor," Energy, Elsevier, vol. 96(C), pages 278-285.


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