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Comparative evaluation of emission and fuel economy of an automotive spark ignition vehicle fuelled with methane enriched biogas and CNG using chassis dynamometer

Listed author(s):
  • Subramanian, K.A.
  • Mathad, Vinaya C.
  • Vijay, V.K.
  • Subbarao, P.M.V.
Registered author(s):

    The fuel economy and mass emission of an automotive spark ignition vehicle fuelled with the methane enriched biogas (93% CH4) and base CNG (89.14%) were evaluated using chassis dynamometer under modified Indian driving cycle (MIDC). The transient emissions were also measured with respect to time. The emissions such as CO, HC and NOx are marginally higher with the enriched biogas than base CNG. But, the experimental results indicate that the vehicle’s emission with the enriched biogas fuel meets to the BS IV Emission Norms. There is no significant change in fuel economy of the vehicle fuelled with the enriched biogas (24.11km/kg) as compared to base CNG (24.38km/kg). The experimental data indicates transient emission characteristics (CO, HC and NOx) of the vehicle with respect to time for both fuels are very higher with urban cycle (low speed) than extra urban cycle (high speed) and the findings could be useful to find out scopes of further improvement in transient emission and performance of the engine. As the methane enriched biogas gives similar performance like fossil CNG, the enriched biogas could be used as an auto fuel for spark ignition vehicles.

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    Article provided by Elsevier in its journal Applied Energy.

    Volume (Year): 105 (2013)
    Issue (Month): C ()
    Pages: 17-29

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    Handle: RePEc:eee:appene:v:105:y:2013:i:c:p:17-29
    DOI: 10.1016/j.apenergy.2012.12.011
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    1. Asam, Zaki-ul-Zaman & Poulsen, Tjalfe Gorm & Nizami, Abdul-Sattar & Rafique, Rashad & Kiely, Ger & Murphy, Jerry D., 2011. "How can we improve biomethane production per unit of feedstock in biogas plants?," Applied Energy, Elsevier, vol. 88(6), pages 2013-2018, June.
    2. Chandra, R. & Vijay, V.K. & Subbarao, P.M.V. & Khura, T.K., 2011. "Performance evaluation of a constant speed IC engine on CNG, methane enriched biogas and biogas," Applied Energy, Elsevier, vol. 88(11), pages 3969-3977.
    3. Demirbas, Ayhan, 2009. "Political, economic and environmental impacts of biofuels: A review," Applied Energy, Elsevier, vol. 86(Supplemen), pages 108-117, November.
    4. Chandra, R. & Vijay, V.K. & Subbarao, P.M.V. & Khura, T.K., 2012. "Production of methane from anaerobic digestion of jatropha and pongamia oil cakes," Applied Energy, Elsevier, vol. 93(C), pages 148-159.
    5. Pöschl, Martina & Ward, Shane & Owende, Philip, 2010. "Evaluation of energy efficiency of various biogas production and utilization pathways," Applied Energy, Elsevier, vol. 87(11), pages 3305-3321, November.
    6. Jingura, Raphael M. & Matengaifa, Rutendo, 2009. "Optimization of biogas production by anaerobic digestion for sustainable energy development in Zimbabwe," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 13(5), pages 1116-1120, June.
    7. Michiel Nijboer, 2010. "The Contribution of Natural Gas Vehicles to Sustainable Transport," IEA Energy Papers 2010/11, OECD Publishing.
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