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Comparative evaluation of emission and fuel economy of an automotive spark ignition vehicle fuelled with methane enriched biogas and CNG using chassis dynamometer

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  • Subramanian, K.A.
  • Mathad, Vinaya C.
  • Vijay, V.K.
  • Subbarao, P.M.V.

Abstract

The fuel economy and mass emission of an automotive spark ignition vehicle fuelled with the methane enriched biogas (93% CH4) and base CNG (89.14%) were evaluated using chassis dynamometer under modified Indian driving cycle (MIDC). The transient emissions were also measured with respect to time. The emissions such as CO, HC and NOx are marginally higher with the enriched biogas than base CNG. But, the experimental results indicate that the vehicle’s emission with the enriched biogas fuel meets to the BS IV Emission Norms. There is no significant change in fuel economy of the vehicle fuelled with the enriched biogas (24.11km/kg) as compared to base CNG (24.38km/kg). The experimental data indicates transient emission characteristics (CO, HC and NOx) of the vehicle with respect to time for both fuels are very higher with urban cycle (low speed) than extra urban cycle (high speed) and the findings could be useful to find out scopes of further improvement in transient emission and performance of the engine. As the methane enriched biogas gives similar performance like fossil CNG, the enriched biogas could be used as an auto fuel for spark ignition vehicles.

Suggested Citation

  • Subramanian, K.A. & Mathad, Vinaya C. & Vijay, V.K. & Subbarao, P.M.V., 2013. "Comparative evaluation of emission and fuel economy of an automotive spark ignition vehicle fuelled with methane enriched biogas and CNG using chassis dynamometer," Applied Energy, Elsevier, vol. 105(C), pages 17-29.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:appene:v:105:y:2013:i:c:p:17-29
    DOI: 10.1016/j.apenergy.2012.12.011
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Salvi, B.L. & Subramanian, K.A., 2015. "Sustainable development of road transportation sector using hydrogen energy system," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 51(C), pages 1132-1155.
    2. Bielaczyc, Piotr & Woodburn, Joseph & Szczotka, Andrzej, 2014. "An assessment of regulated emissions and CO2 emissions from a European light-duty CNG-fueled vehicle in the context of Euro 6 emissions regulations," Applied Energy, Elsevier, vol. 117(C), pages 134-141.
    3. Anderson, Larry G., 2015. "Effects of using renewable fuels on vehicle emissions," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 47(C), pages 162-172.
    4. Park, Su Han & Yoon, Seung Hyun & Cha, Junepyo & Lee, Chang Sik, 2014. "Mixing effects of biogas and dimethyl ether (DME) on combustion and emission characteristics of DME fueled high-speed diesel engine," Energy, Elsevier, vol. 66(C), pages 413-422.
    5. Irimescu, Adrian & Vasiu, Gabriel & Tordai, Gavrilă Trif, 2014. "Performance and emissions of a small scale generator powered by a spark ignition engine with adaptive fuel injection control," Applied Energy, Elsevier, vol. 121(C), pages 196-206.
    6. Lim, Cheolsoo & Kim, Daigon & Song, Changkeun & Kim, Jeongsoo & Han, Jinseok & Cha, Jun-Seok, 2015. "Performance and emission characteristics of a vehicle fueled with enriched biogas and natural gases," Applied Energy, Elsevier, vol. 139(C), pages 17-29.
    7. Chintala, Venkateswarlu & Subramanian, K.A., 2013. "A CFD (computational fluid dynamics) study for optimization of gas injector orientation for performance improvement of a dual-fuel diesel engine," Energy, Elsevier, vol. 57(C), pages 709-721.
    8. Barik, Debabrata & Murugan, S., 2014. "Investigation on combustion performance and emission characteristics of a DI (direct injection) diesel engine fueled with biogas–diesel in dual fuel mode," Energy, Elsevier, vol. 72(C), pages 760-771.
    9. repec:eee:appene:v:212:y:2018:i:c:p:1191-1202 is not listed on IDEAS
    10. Yang, Liangcheng & Ge, Xumeng & Wan, Caixia & Yu, Fei & Li, Yebo, 2014. "Progress and perspectives in converting biogas to transportation fuels," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 40(C), pages 1133-1152.

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