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Energy infrastructure in India: Profile and risks under climate change


  • Garg, Amit
  • Naswa, Prakriti
  • Shukla, P.R.


India has committed large investments to energy infrastructure assets-power plants, refineries, energy ports, pipelines, roads, railways, etc. The coastal infrastructure being developed to meet the rising energy imports is vulnerable to climate extremes. This paper provides an overview of climate risks to energy infrastructures in India and details two case studies – a crude oil importing port and a western coast railway transporting coal. The climate vulnerability of the port has been mapped using an index while that of the railway has been done through a damage function for RCP 4.5.0 and 8.5 scenarios. Our analysis shows that risk management through adaptation is likely to be very expensive. The system risks can be even greater and might adversely affect energy security and access objectives. Aligning sustainable development and climate adaptation measures can deliver substantial co-benefits. The key policy recommendations include: i) mandatory vulnerability assessment to future climate risks for energy infrastructures; ii) project and systemic risks in the vulnerability index; iii) adaptation funds for unmitigated climate risks; iv) continuous monitoring of climatic parameters and implementation of adaptation measures, and iv) sustainability actions along energy infrastructures that enhance climate resilience and simultaneously deliver co-benefits to local agents.

Suggested Citation

  • Garg, Amit & Naswa, Prakriti & Shukla, P.R., 2015. "Energy infrastructure in India: Profile and risks under climate change," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 81(C), pages 226-238.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:enepol:v:81:y:2015:i:c:p:226-238
    DOI: 10.1016/j.enpol.2014.12.007

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    2. Theodoros Katopodis & Emmanuel D. Adamides & Athanasios Sfetsos & Antonios Mountouris, 2021. "Incorporating Future Climate Scenarios in Oil Industry’s Risk Assessment: A Greek Refinery Case Study," Sustainability, MDPI, vol. 13(22), pages 1-19, November.
    3. Emodi, Nnaemeka Vincent & Chaiechi, Taha & Alam Beg, A.B.M. Rabiul, 2019. "Are emission reduction policies effective under climate change conditions? A backcasting and exploratory scenario approach using the LEAP-OSeMOSYS Model," Applied Energy, Elsevier, vol. 236(C), pages 1183-1217.
    4. Fabio Pizzutilo & Elisabetta Venezia, 2018. "Are catastrophe bonds effective financial instruments in the transport and infrastructure industries? Evidence from international financial markets," Business and Economic Horizons (BEH), Prague Development Center, vol. 14(2), pages 256-267, April.
    5. Mentis, Dimitrios & Siyal, Shahid Hussain & Korkovelos, Alexandros & Howells, Mark, 2016. "A geospatial assessment of the techno-economic wind power potential in India using geographical restrictions," Renewable Energy, Elsevier, vol. 97(C), pages 77-88.
    6. Márcio das Chagas Moura & Helder Henrique Lima Diniz & Enrique López Droguett & Beatriz Sales da Cunha & Isis Didier Lins & Vicente Ribeiro Simoni, 2017. "Embedding resilience in the design of the electricity supply for industrial clients," PLOS ONE, Public Library of Science, vol. 12(11), pages 1-33, November.
    7. Majumder, Rajarshi & Ghosh, Subhadip & Chatterjee, Bidisha, 2022. "Energy infrastructure in India: challenges and opportunities," MPRA Paper 120106, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    8. Berwal, Anil K. & Kumar, Sanjay & Kumari, Nisha & Kumar, Virender & Haleem, Abid, 2017. "Design and analysis of rooftop grid tied 50kW capacity Solar Photovoltaic (SPV) power plant," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 77(C), pages 1288-1299.

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