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Energy efficiency and marginal carbon dioxide emission abatement cost in urban China


  • Wang, Jian
  • Lv, Kangjuan
  • Bian, Yiwen
  • Cheng, Yu


Energy efficiency improvement and carbon emission reduction are two important ways to mitigate energy consumptions and global warming. This paper aims to examine energy efficiency and carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions abatement costs of city urban areas in China. To this end, an improved slacks-based measure approach is introduced, which considers the linkage between desirable and undesirable outputs. Then, measures of energy efficiency, CO2 emission abatement cost and comprehensive state index of CO2 emissions abatement cost and CO2 emissions reduction potential are defined. The proposed model is then applied to the dataset of 285 cities in China during 2008–2012. The results show that most city urban areas in China have relatively low energy efficiencies. Surprisingly, there are gradually narrowing gaps regarding mean energy efficiencies between areas during 2008–2012. Nevertheless, there are great disparities in energy efficiencies between cities within a typical area, and even a provincial region. It is found that CO2 emissions abatement cost in urban China exhibits an increasing trend during the study period. Also, significantly geographic disparities in abatement costs between areas, regions and cites are found. Specifically, energy efficiency has significantly positive correlation with the comprehensive state index in China. Some important findings and useful policy implications are achieved.

Suggested Citation

  • Wang, Jian & Lv, Kangjuan & Bian, Yiwen & Cheng, Yu, 2017. "Energy efficiency and marginal carbon dioxide emission abatement cost in urban China," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 105(C), pages 246-255.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:enepol:v:105:y:2017:i:c:p:246-255
    DOI: 10.1016/j.enpol.2017.02.039

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    4. Zhang, Yue-Jun & Liang, Ting & Jin, Yan-Lin & Shen, Bo, 2020. "The impact of carbon trading on economic output and carbon emissions reduction in China’s industrial sectors," Applied Energy, Elsevier, vol. 260(C).
    5. Chen, Zhenling & Yuan, Xiao-Chen & Zhang, Xiaoling & Cao, Yunfei, 2020. "How will the Chinese national carbon emissions trading scheme work? The assessment of regional potential gains," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 137(C).
    6. Yu, Anyu & You, Jianxin & Rudkin, Simon & Zhang, Hao, 2019. "Industrial carbon abatement allocations and regional collaboration: Re-evaluating China through a modified data envelopment analysis," Applied Energy, Elsevier, vol. 233, pages 232-243.
    7. Tomas Baležentis & Dalia Štreimikienė, 2019. "Sustainability in the Electricity Sector through Advanced Technologies: Energy Mix Transition and Smart Grid Technology in China," Energies, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 12(6), pages 1-1, March.
    8. Du, Minzhe & Wang, Bing & Zhang, Ning, 2018. "National research funding and energy efficiency: Evidence from the National Science Foundation of China," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 120(C), pages 335-346.
    9. Wang, Feng & Sun, Xiaoyu & Reiner, David M. & Wu, Min, 2020. "Changing trends of the elasticity of China's carbon emission intensity to industry structure and energy efficiency," Energy Economics, Elsevier, vol. 86(C).
    10. Zhu, Lin & Wang, Yong & Shang, Peipei & Qi, Lin & Yang, Guangchun & Wang, Ying, 2019. "Improvement path, the improvement potential and the dynamic evolution of regional energy efficiency in China: Based on an improved nonradial multidirectional efficiency analysis," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 133(C).
    11. Tianbo Tang & Jianxin You & Hui Sun & Hao Zhang, 2019. "Transportation Efficiency Evaluation Considering the Environmental Impact for China’s Freight Sector: A Parallel Data Envelopment Analysis," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 11(18), pages 1-1, September.
    12. Kuhn, Lena & Balezentis, Tomas & Hou, Lingling & Wang, Dan, 2020. "Technical and environmental efficiency of livestock farms in China: A slacks-based DEA approach," China Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 62(C).
    13. Qi, Xiaoyan & Guo, Pibin & Guo, Yanshan & Liu, Xiuli & Zhou, Xijun, 2020. "Understanding energy efficiency and its drivers: An empirical analysis of China’s 14 coal intensive industries," Energy, Elsevier, vol. 190(C).
    14. Liu, Haomin & Zhang, Zaixu & Zhang, Tao & Wang, Liyang, 2020. "Revisiting China’s provincial energy efficiency and its influencing factors," Energy, Elsevier, vol. 208(C).
    15. Yu, Junqing & Zhou, Kaile & Yang, Shanlin, 2019. "Regional heterogeneity of China's energy efficiency in “new normal”: A meta-frontier Super-SBM analysis," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 134(C).
    16. Hu, Yucai & Ren, Shenggang & Wang, Yangjie & Chen, Xiaohong, 2020. "Can carbon emission trading scheme achieve energy conservation and emission reduction? Evidence from the industrial sector in China," Energy Economics, Elsevier, vol. 85(C).


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