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The effect of transport policies on car use: A bundling model with applications

Listed author(s):
  • Gallego, Francisco
  • Montero, Juan-Pablo
  • Salas, Christian

Borrowing from the bundling literature, the paper presents a novel model of vertical and horizontal differentiation applied to transport decisions: households differ in their preferences for transportation modes — cars vs public transport — and in the amount of travel. Using few observables, the model is then used to interpret and compute policy costs associated to the effects of two major transport policies: the driving restriction program introduced in Mexico-City in November of 1989 and the public transport reform carried out in Santiago-Chile in February of 2007. Both policies had the unintended impact of increasing the number of cars on the road; and their associated transport costs are estimated, respectively, to be about 5% and 9% of the value of the vehicle stock at the time of implementation.

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File URL: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0140988313002132
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Article provided by Elsevier in its journal Energy Economics.

Volume (Year): 40 (2013)
Issue (Month): S1 ()
Pages: 85-97

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Handle: RePEc:eee:eneeco:v:40:y:2013:i:s1:p:s85-s97
DOI: 10.1016/j.eneco.2013.09.018
Contact details of provider: Web page: http://www.elsevier.com/locate/eneco

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  1. Lucas W. Davis, 2008. "The Effect of Driving Restrictions on Air Quality in Mexico City," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 116(1), pages 38-81, 02.
  2. Onursal, B. & Gautam, S.P., 1997. "Vehicular Air Pollution: Experiences from Seven Latin American Urban Centers," Papers 373, World Bank - Technical Papers.
  3. Eskeland, Gunnar S & Feyzioglu, Tarhan, 1997. "Rationing Can Backfire: The "Day without a Car" in Mexico City," World Bank Economic Review, World Bank Group, vol. 11(3), pages 383-408, September.
  4. Ian W. H. Parry & Kenneth A. Small, 2009. "Should Urban Transit Subsidies Be Reduced?," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 99(3), pages 700-724, June.
  5. Mark Armstrong & John Vickers, 2010. "Competitive Non-linear Pricing and Bundling," Review of Economic Studies, Oxford University Press, vol. 77(1), pages 30-60.
  6. Eberly, Janice C, 1994. "Adjustment of Consumers' Durables Stocks: Evidence from Automobile Purchases," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 102(3), pages 403-436, June.
  7. de Grange, Louis & Troncoso, Rodrigo, 2011. "Impacts of vehicle restrictions on urban transport flows: The case of Santiago, Chile," Transport Policy, Elsevier, vol. 18(6), pages 862-869, November.
  8. Gallego, Francisco & Montero, Juan-Pablo & Salas, Christian, 2013. "The effect of transport policies on car use: Evidence from Latin American cities," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 107(C), pages 47-62.
  9. Caffera, Marcelo, 2011. "The use of economic instruments for pollution control in Latin America: lessons for future policy design," Environment and Development Economics, Cambridge University Press, vol. 16(03), pages 247-273, June.
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