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A nonparametric GARCH model of crude oil price return volatility

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  • Hou, Aijun
  • Suardi, Sandy

Abstract

The use of parametric GARCH models to characterise crude oil price volatility is widely observed in the empirical literature. In this paper, we consider an alternative approach involving nonparametric method to model and forecast oil price return volatility. Focusing on two crude oil markets, Brent and West Texas Intermediate (WTI), we show that the out-of-sample volatility forecast of the nonparametric GARCH model yields superior performance relative to an extensive class of parametric GARCH models. These results are supported by the use of robust loss functions and the Hansen's (2005) superior predictive ability test. The improvement in forecasting accuracy of oil price return volatility based on the nonparametric GARCH model suggests that this method offers an attractive and viable alternative to the commonly used parametric GARCH models.

Suggested Citation

  • Hou, Aijun & Suardi, Sandy, 2012. "A nonparametric GARCH model of crude oil price return volatility," Energy Economics, Elsevier, vol. 34(2), pages 618-626.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:eneeco:v:34:y:2012:i:2:p:618-626
    DOI: 10.1016/j.eneco.2011.08.004
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    Cited by:

    1. Zhang, Yue-Jun & Zhang, Lu, 2015. "Interpreting the crude oil price movements: Evidence from the Markov regime switching model," Applied Energy, Elsevier, vol. 143(C), pages 96-109.
    2. Charles, Amélie & Darné, Olivier, 2014. "Volatility persistence in crude oil markets," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 65(C), pages 729-742.
    3. Wen, Fenghua & Gong, Xu & Cai, Shenghua, 2016. "Forecasting the volatility of crude oil futures using HAR-type models with structural breaks," Energy Economics, Elsevier, vol. 59(C), pages 400-413.
    4. Wang, Yudong & Wu, Chongfeng, 2012. "Forecasting energy market volatility using GARCH models: Can multivariate models beat univariate models?," Energy Economics, Elsevier, vol. 34(6), pages 2167-2181.
    5. Walid Matar & Saud M. Al-Fattah & Tarek Atallah & Axel Pierru, 2013. "An introduction to oil market volatility analysis," OPEC Energy Review, Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries, vol. 37(3), pages 247-269, September.
    6. Illig, Aude & Schindler, Ian, 2016. "Oil Extraction and Price Dynamics," TSE Working Papers 16-701, Toulouse School of Economics (TSE).
    7. Aude Illig & Ian Schindler, 2017. "Oil Extraction, Economic Growth, and Oil Price Dynamics," Biophysical Economics and Resource Quality, Springer, vol. 2(1), pages 1-17, March.
    8. Lin, Boqiang & Wesseh, Presley K., 2013. "What causes price volatility and regime shifts in the natural gas market," Energy, Elsevier, vol. 55(C), pages 553-563.
    9. repec:eee:eneeco:v:67:y:2017:i:c:p:315-327 is not listed on IDEAS
    10. repec:eee:tefoso:v:126:y:2018:i:c:p:271-283 is not listed on IDEAS
    11. Raúl De Jesús Gutiérrez & Reyna Vergara González & Miguel A. Díaz Carreño, 2015. "Predicción de la volatilidad en el mercado del petróleo mexicano ante la presencia de efectos asimétricos," REVISTA CUADERNOS DE ECONOMÍA, UN - RCE - CID, March.
    12. Degiannakis, Stavros & Filis, George, 2016. "Forecasting oil price realized volatility: A new approach," MPRA Paper 69105, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    13. Jian Chai & Shubin Wang & Shouyang Wang & Ju’e Guo, 2012. "Demand Forecast of Petroleum Product Consumption in the Chinese Transportation Industry," Energies, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 5(3), pages 1-22, March.
    14. Xiong, Tao & Bao, Yukun & Hu, Zhongyi, 2013. "Beyond one-step-ahead forecasting: Evaluation of alternative multi-step-ahead forecasting models for crude oil prices," Energy Economics, Elsevier, vol. 40(C), pages 405-415.
    15. repec:eee:eneeco:v:67:y:2017:i:c:p:255-267 is not listed on IDEAS
    16. repec:trp:01jefa:jefa0020 is not listed on IDEAS
    17. Zhang, Jin-Liang & Zhang, Yue-Jun & Zhang, Lu, 2015. "A novel hybrid method for crude oil price forecasting," Energy Economics, Elsevier, vol. 49(C), pages 649-659.
    18. Afees A. Salisu & Ismail O. Fasanya, 2012. "Comparative Performance of Volatility Models for Oil Price," International Journal of Energy Economics and Policy, Econjournals, vol. 2(3), pages 167-183.
    19. repec:eee:eneeco:v:67:y:2017:i:c:p:508-519 is not listed on IDEAS
    20. Cong, Ren & Lo, Alex Y., 2017. "Emission trading and carbon market performance in Shenzhen, China," Applied Energy, Elsevier, vol. 193(C), pages 414-425.
    21. Klein, Tony & Walther, Thomas, 2016. "Oil price volatility forecast with mixture memory GARCH," Energy Economics, Elsevier, vol. 58(C), pages 46-58.
    22. Wang, Yudong & Liu, Li & Ma, Feng & Wu, Chongfeng, 2016. "What the investors need to know about forecasting oil futures return volatility," Energy Economics, Elsevier, vol. 57(C), pages 128-139.
    23. repec:eee:ecmode:v:67:y:2017:i:c:p:355-367 is not listed on IDEAS
    24. Yue-Jun Zhang & Ting Yao & Ling-Yun He, 2015. "Forecasting crude oil market volatility: can the Regime Switching GARCH model beat the single-regime GARCH models?," Papers 1512.01676, arXiv.org.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Crude oil prices; GARCH modelling; Non-parametric method; Volatility estimation; Forecasts;

    JEL classification:

    • Q47 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Energy - - - Energy Forecasting
    • C32 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Multiple or Simultaneous Equation Models; Multiple Variables - - - Time-Series Models; Dynamic Quantile Regressions; Dynamic Treatment Effect Models; Diffusion Processes; State Space Models
    • C52 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric Modeling - - - Model Evaluation, Validation, and Selection

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