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Time variation in the standard forward premium regression: Some new models and tests

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  • Baillie, Richard T.
  • Cho, Dooyeon

Abstract

This paper makes two contributions to trying to understand the forward premium anomaly and the apparent breakdowns of Uncovered Interest Rate Parity (UIP). First, investigation of the time series properties of the forward premium reveals either four or five breaks in the last twenty three years and evidence of long memory within each sub period. In fact the forward premium is highly nonlinear and appears to defy classification as a process with a constant order of integration. The second aspect of the paper is concerned with the time varying nature of the estimate of the slope parameter when spot returns are regressed on the lagged forward premium. We compare rolling type regression estimates, with Bayesian estimation and also a new Time Varying Parameter (TVP) method that is motivated by the TVP autoregression of Giraitis et al. (2014). The procedure is a form of kernel weighted regression and delivers relatively tight standard errors on the parameter estimates. We find the existence of the forward premium anomaly with large negative beta coefficients in the 1980s and 1990s. For some currencies there is also evidence of large positive coefficients and a reversal of the forward premium anomaly after the financial crisis of 2008.

Suggested Citation

  • Baillie, Richard T. & Cho, Dooyeon, 2014. "Time variation in the standard forward premium regression: Some new models and tests," Journal of Empirical Finance, Elsevier, vol. 29(C), pages 52-63.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:empfin:v:29:y:2014:i:c:p:52-63
    DOI: 10.1016/j.jempfin.2014.03.005
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Lothian, James R., 2016. "Uncovered interest parity: The long and the short of it," Journal of Empirical Finance, Elsevier, vol. 36(C), pages 1-7.
    2. Cho, Dooyeon, 2015. "The role of covered interest parity in explaining the forward premium anomaly within a nonlinear panel framework," Journal of Empirical Finance, Elsevier, vol. 34(C), pages 229-238.
    3. Kim, Jae H. & Ji, Philip Inyeob, 2015. "Significance testing in empirical finance: A critical review and assessment," Journal of Empirical Finance, Elsevier, vol. 34(C), pages 1-14.
    4. Lansing, Kevin J. & Ma, Jun, 2017. "Explaining exchange rate anomalies in a model with Taylor-rule fundamentals and consistent expectations," Journal of International Money and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 70(C), pages 62-87.
    5. Cho, Dooyeon, 2018. "On the persistence of the forward premium in the joint presence of nonlinearity, asymmetry, and structural changes," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 70(C), pages 310-319.
    6. Juan Carlos Cuestas & Fabio Filipozzi & Karsten Staehr, 2015. "Uncovered Interest Parity in Central and Eastern Europe: Sample, Expectations and Structural Breaks," Working Papers 2015014, The University of Sheffield, Department of Economics.
    7. Baillie, Richard T. & Cho, Dooyeon, 2016. "Assessing Euro crises from a time varying international CAPM approach," Journal of Empirical Finance, Elsevier, vol. 39(PB), pages 197-208.
    8. Richard T. Baillie & Dooyeon Cho, 2016. "Assessing Euro Crises from a Time Varying International CAPM Approach," Working Paper series 16-03, Rimini Centre for Economic Analysis.
    9. Cho, Dooyeon & Han, Heejoon & Lee, Na Kyeong, 2019. "Carry trades and endogenous regime switches in exchange rate volatility," Journal of International Financial Markets, Institutions and Money, Elsevier, vol. 58(C), pages 255-268.
    10. Juan Carlos Cuestas & Fabio Filipozzi & Karsten Staehr, 2017. "Uncovered interest parity in Central and Eastern Europe: Expectations and structural breaks," Review of International Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 25(4), pages 695-710, September.
    11. Matthieu Bussiere & Menzie D. Chinn & Laurent Ferrara & Jonas Heipertz, 2018. "The New Fama Puzzle," NBER Working Papers 24342, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    12. Cho, Dooyeon & Chun, Sungju, 2019. "Can structural changes in the persistence of the forward premium explain the forward premium anomaly?," Journal of International Financial Markets, Institutions and Money, Elsevier, vol. 58(C), pages 225-235.
    13. Charfeddine, Lanouar & Khediri, Karim Ben & Mrabet, Zouhair, 2019. "The forward premium anomaly in the energy futures markets: A time-varying approach," Research in International Business and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 47(C), pages 600-615.
    14. Kearney, Fearghal & Cummins, Mark & Murphy, Finbarr, 2019. "Using extracted forward rate term structure information to forecast foreign exchange rates," Journal of Empirical Finance, Elsevier, vol. 53(C), pages 1-14.
    15. Mantzura, Ariel & Schreiber, Ben Z., 2019. "Predicting foreign investors’ carry trade activity in the Israeli FX market using a time-varying currency risk premium approach," International Review of Economics & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 59(C), pages 438-457.

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