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The influence of bank ownership on credit supply: Evidence from the recent financial crisis

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  • Fungáčová, Zuzana
  • Herrala, Risto
  • Weill, Laurent

Abstract

This study examines how bank ownership influenced the credit supply during the recent financial crisis in Russia, where the banking sector consists of a mix of state-controlled banks, foreign-owned banks, and domestic private banks. To estimate credit supply changes, we apply an original approach based on stochastic frontier analysis. We use quarterly data for Russian banks covering the period from the beginning of 2007 to the end of 2009. Our findings suggest that bank ownership affected credit supply during the financial crisis and that the crisis led to an overall decrease in the credit supply. Relative to domestic private banks foreign-owned banks reduced their credit supply more and state-controlled banks less. This supports the hypothesis that foreign banks have a “lack of loyalty” to domestic actors during a crisis, as well as the view that an objective function of state-controlled banks leads them to support the economy during economic downturns.

Suggested Citation

  • Fungáčová, Zuzana & Herrala, Risto & Weill, Laurent, 2013. "The influence of bank ownership on credit supply: Evidence from the recent financial crisis," Emerging Markets Review, Elsevier, vol. 15(C), pages 136-147.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:ememar:v:15:y:2013:i:c:p:136-147
    DOI: 10.1016/j.ememar.2013.02.002
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    Cited by:

    1. Andrei Vernikov, 2014. "China and Russia: Institutional Coherence between the Banking Systems," UCL SSEES Economics and Business working paper series 130, UCL School of Slavonic and East European Studies (SSEES).
    2. Choi, Moon Jung & Gutierrez, Eva & Peria, Maria Soledad Martinez, 2013. "Dissecting foreign bank lending behavior during the 2008-2009 crisis," Policy Research Working Paper Series 6674, The World Bank.
    3. Gozgor, Giray, 2014. "Determinants of domestic credit levels in emerging markets: The role of external factors," Emerging Markets Review, Elsevier, vol. 18(C), pages 1-18.
    4. Ibrahim, Mansor H., 2016. "Business cycle and bank lending procyclicality in a dual banking system," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 55(C), pages 127-134.
    5. Herrala, Risto, 2014. "Forward-looking reaction to bank regulation," Working Paper Series 1645, European Central Bank.
    6. Efthyvoulou, Georgios & Yildirim, Canan, 2014. "Market power in CEE banking sectors and the impact of the global financial crisis," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 40(C), pages 11-27.
    7. Vernikov, Andrei, 2017. "The impact of state-controlled banks on the Russian banking sector," MPRA Paper 77155, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    8. Moon Jung Choi & Eva Gutierrez & Maria Soledad Martinez Peria, 2014. "Dissecting Foreign Bank Lending Behavior During the 2008-2009 Crisis," Working Papers 2014-7, Economic Research Institute, Bank of Korea.
    9. Mäkinen, Mikko & Solanko, Laura, 2017. "Determinants of bank closures : Do changes of CAMEL variables matter?," BOFIT Discussion Papers 16/2017, Bank of Finland, Institute for Economies in Transition.
    10. Vernikov, Andrei, 2012. "«Национальные Чемпионы» В Структуре Российского Рынка Банковских Услуг
      [National champions and the competitive structure of the Russian banking market]
      ," MPRA Paper 40236, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    11. Davydov, Denis & Fungáčová, Zuzana & Weill, Laurent, 2017. "Cyclicality of bank liquidity creation," BOFIT Discussion Papers 5/2017, Bank of Finland, Institute for Economies in Transition.
    12. repec:eee:riibaf:v:41:y:2017:i:c:p:303-317 is not listed on IDEAS
    13. Allen, Franklin & Jackowicz, Krzysztof & Kowalewski, Oskar, 2013. "The effects of foreign and government ownership on bank lending behavior during a crisis in Central and Eastern Europe," MPRA Paper 48059, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    14. Risto Herrala & Rima Turk-Ariss, 2013. "Credit Constraints, Political Instability, and Capital Accumulation," IMF Working Papers 13/246, International Monetary Fund.
    15. Vernikov, Andrei, 2017. "Структурные Или Институциональные Сдвиги? Попытка Измерения На Примере Банковского Сектора
      [Structural change, institutional change and their measurement: The case of banking]
      ," MPRA Paper 79978, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    16. Davydov, Denis & Nikkinen, Jussi & Vähämaa, Sami, 2014. "Does the decision to issue public debt affect firm valuation? Russian evidence," Emerging Markets Review, Elsevier, vol. 20(C), pages 136-151.
    17. repec:scn:025886:17018063 is not listed on IDEAS
    18. Herrala, Risto & Turk-Ariss, Rima, 2016. "Capital accumulation in a politically unstable region," Journal of International Money and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 64(C), pages 1-15.
    19. Herrala, Risto & Yandong, Jia, 2012. "Has the Chinese growth model changed? : A view from the credit market," BOFIT Discussion Papers 5/2012, Bank of Finland, Institute for Economies in Transition.
    20. Samargandi, Nahla & Kutan, Ali M., 2016. "Private credit spillovers and economic growth: Evidence from BRICS countries," Journal of International Financial Markets, Institutions and Money, Elsevier, vol. 44(C), pages 56-84.
    21. Allen, Franklin & Jackowicz, Krzysztof & Kowalewski, Oskar, 2013. "The effects of foreign and government ownership on bank lending behavior during a crisis in Central and Eastern Europe," MPRA Paper 48059, University Library of Munich, Germany.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Bank; Credit policy; Foreign ownership; State ownership; Stochastic frontier analysis;

    JEL classification:

    • P34 - Economic Systems - - Socialist Institutions and Their Transitions - - - Finance
    • G21 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Banks; Other Depository Institutions; Micro Finance Institutions; Mortgages

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