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Multinational firms, acquisitions and job tasks

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  • Nilsson Hakkala, Katariina
  • Heyman, Fredrik
  • Sjöholm, Fredrik

Abstract

We revisit the question how inward FDI and multinational ownership affect relative labor demand. Motivated by the recent literature that distinguish between skills and tasks, we argue that the impact of multinational and foreign ownership on the demand for labor is better captured by focusing on job tasks rather than education. We use Swedish matched employer–employee data and find that changes of local firms to both foreign and Swedish multinationals increase the relative demand for non-routine and interactive job tasks in the targeted local firms. Hence, in a high-income country, both inward and outward FDI have a task upgrading impact on local firms. The effect is primarily driven by wage effects leading to increased wage dispersion for workers with different non-routine and interactive task intensity. We also show that the effect is not the same as skill upgrading since dividing employees by educational attainment does not capture changes in the relative labor demand. Hence, our results suggest a new aspect of the labor market consequences of FDI.

Suggested Citation

  • Nilsson Hakkala, Katariina & Heyman, Fredrik & Sjöholm, Fredrik, 2014. "Multinational firms, acquisitions and job tasks," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 66(C), pages 248-265.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:eecrev:v:66:y:2014:i:c:p:248-265
    DOI: 10.1016/j.euroecorev.2013.12.003
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Carl Davidson & Fredrik Heyman & Steven Matusz & Fredrik Sjöholm & Susan Chun Zhu, 2016. "Global Engagement, Complex Tasks and the Distribution of Occupational Employment," Review of International Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 24(4), pages 717-736, September.
    2. Alexis Grimm & Mina Kim, 2016. "FDI and the Task Content of Domestic Employment for U.S. Multinationals," BEA Working Papers 0136, Bureau of Economic Analysis.
    3. Catherine Laffineur & El Mouhoud, 2015. "The jobs at risk from globalization: the French case," Review of World Economics (Weltwirtschaftliches Archiv), Springer;Institut für Weltwirtschaft (Kiel Institute for the World Economy), vol. 151(3), pages 477-531, August.
    4. El-Sahli, Zouheir & Gullstrand, Joakim & Olofsdotter, Karin, 2017. "The Internal and External Effects of Offshoring on Job Security," Working Papers 2017:14, Lund University, Department of Economics.
    5. Davidson, Carl & Heyman, Fredrik & Matusz, Steven & Sjöholm, Fredrik & Zhu, Susan Chun, 2017. "Global engagement and the occupational structure of firms," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 100(C), pages 273-292.
    6. Heyman, Fredrik, 2016. "Job polarization, job tasks and the role of firms," Economics Letters, Elsevier, vol. 145(C), pages 246-251.
    7. repec:kap:sbusec:v:49:y:2017:i:1:d:10.1007_s11187-016-9815-9 is not listed on IDEAS
    8. Warda, Peter, 2014. "Offshoring, Occupations and Job Tasks: Evidence from Swedish Manufacturing," Working Paper Series in Economics and Institutions of Innovation 375, Royal Institute of Technology, CESIS - Centre of Excellence for Science and Innovation Studies.
    9. Kent Eliasson & Pär Hansson & Markus Lindvert, 2017. "Effects of foreign acquisitions on R&D and high-skill activities," Small Business Economics, Springer, vol. 49(1), pages 163-187, June.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    FDI; Cross-border acquisitions; Multinational firms; Job tasks; Labor demand;

    JEL classification:

    • J23 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Labor Demand
    • F16 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Trade and Labor Market Interactions
    • F21 - International Economics - - International Factor Movements and International Business - - - International Investment; Long-Term Capital Movements
    • F23 - International Economics - - International Factor Movements and International Business - - - Multinational Firms; International Business

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